11 High Street

The monitored excavation of a strip foundation for a new wall revealed the presence of a circular brick structure that has been interpreted as a well. It was constructed of soft red bricks (24 x 12.5 x 6 cm) and cemented with a hard lime mortar, off-white in colour. The internal diameter was 1.4m. It had been covered by a brick built dome although the top of this had been broken in and the well backfilled with soil. The top of the dome would have been just below ground level. It lay along the line of the former wall but its location coincided with a doorway. Water would have probably been drawn via a hand cranked pump situated within the building and consequently it does not appear on early maps. Its location in a doorway suggests it had been inserted under the existing building, probably in the mid to late 19th century. The building appeared to be late 18th or early 19th century in date, although this is not conclusive …

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Former WDC offices, Clapham Road

An area of 0.25 hectares was evaluated by trial trenching prior to submission of a planning application to develop the site. Three trenches were excavated, each with varying degrees of modern disturbance in the form of demolition debris, footings and services. A uniform layer of loess deposit was present throughout the site, with two parallel ditches visible cutting the natural subsoil below these deposits in Trench 3. No finds were recovered from these ditches, nor from the loess subsoil deposits …

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Village Hall Car Park

An archaeological evaluation, carried out in advance of the resurfacing of Norton Village Hall car park identified a post-medieval soil layer below the modern deposits, which in turn sealed a single large ditch. Although undated the ditch appears to pre-date the 1841 tithe map and may be marking the rear of a series of smaller roadside fields or plots of post-medieval or possibly earlier date. The lack of any finds material in the ditch, and the results of environmental sampling, suggest however that the ditch does not lie in immediate proximity to any former settlement …

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Houldsworth Valley Community Primary School

A single 30m evaluation trench was excavated across the footprint of a proposed extension to Houldsworth Valley Community Primary School. The evaluation identified a single shallow ditch aligned north-east to south-west whose projection bisects the area into two equally sized fields. Fragments of coke and a piece of post-medieval tile were recovered from the feature …

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81, Bury Street

Archaeological monitoring of ground level reduction and footings at 81, Bury Street, Stowmarket identified a series of pits and post-holes along the road frontage in association with medieval pottery. A clay layer was also recorded but it was not clear whether this represented a floor surface or a dumped deposit. At the rear of the site were a sequence of large, deep pits suggestive of quarrying activity. The fills of these pits were largely sterile but where finds were present, they were of medieval date. Overlying the large quarry pits were layers rich in later medieval finds, including building materials, amongst which were glazed floor and roof tile fragments, and large sherds from late medieval vessels. A number of these finds were wasters, implying a kiln site nearby, which in addition to horn cores from these deposits and evidence of metal working in the environmental samples, suggests disposal of waste from industrial processes in the vicinity …

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