Coltsfoot Road

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on the 17th January 2013 on land at former lock up garages adjacent to 1 Coltsfoot Road, Ipswich. Two c.11m long trenches were excavated. Two incised archaeological features were recorded, a modern pit and a large ditch in excess of 7.5m wide and over 1.4m deep. The ditch coincides with the northern side of a discrete enclosure on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Edition Ordnance Survey maps of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. While clearly surviving into the 20th century, there was no evidence recovered during the evaluation to indicate when the feature was originally excavated. The interpretation of this feature remains uncertain, but a moated building platform, possibly of medieval date cannot entirely be ruled out …

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Land Adjacent to Home Farm

A programme of archaeological evaluation was conducted prior to development on land to the rear of Home Farm, Mill Street, Gislingham. The site was located on the southern edge of what was thought to be the village green at Little Green to the west of the main village of Gislingham. The site is also within the boundary of the post-medieval farm associated with the Grade II listed building, Home Farmhouse, which was of 17th century origin but the origins of the farm may be medieval. An east to west running undated drainage ditch and two modern pits were the features identified within the development area …

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Batt House

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at the rear of Batt House, 56 Westgate Street, Bury St Edmunds prior to the construction of a single story extension. An 11.5m trench was excavated diagonally across the site of the new building. This revealed two shallow gullies aligned parallel to the street frontage and a probable pit. The gullies are interpreted as redundant property boundaries. All were sealed by a reworked post-medieval soil deposit interpreted as a garden soil. The only evidence for medieval settlement was a single sherd of medieval pottery recovered during machining …

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Waste Transfer Site, Land off Addison Way, Bramford Rd

This post-excavation assessment report presents the evidence from an archaeological evaluation and subsequent excavation on the site of a proposed Waste Transfer Facility, located to the west of Bramford Road, Great Blakenham. It provides a quantification and assessment of the site archive and considers the potential of the data to address specific research questions. The significance of the data is assessed and recommendation for further analysis and publication made. …

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Land West of Norwich Road

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land west of Norwich Road, Scole, to assess the impact of advance of a proposed residential and community infrastructure development. The trenching identified only limited archaeological evidence for past activity in the site, with features primarily relating to medieval or post-medieval field systems and a 19th century structure. There was minimal evidence for any activity prior to the medieval period and in particular no evidence for occupation extending north from the known Iron Age/Roman settlement, or for medieval roadside occupation (although trenching immediately adjacent to the road was limited) …

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Mettingham Castle

An evaluation was carried out on an area outside the scheduled part of Mettingham Castle. Test pitting indicated that the spoil from the construction of the moat had been used to raise the level of the internal area; however no evidence for a buried soil was recorded. Although some artefacts were recovered, which correspond to periods of known activity, there were not enough to indicate occupation in the immediate vicinity …

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High Lodge

Two trenches were excavated by machine across two separate systems of banks at High Lodge Country Park, Santon Downham, in order to establish their archaeological potential before they were levelled. One system is thought to be associated with a Warreners lodge and be medieval in origin (STN 068). A sequence of ditches and banks were recorded at this site the earliest of which may be medieval although there was no clear dating evidence. Beneath this was a well preserved buried soil layer, which included archaeological features, that is dated to the Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age. The second bank and ditch, STN 067, was found to be modern although it may have followed an earlier system which was not located due to the limited scale of the trenching …

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The Icehouse, Holywells Park

A small scale excavation on the suspected location of an icehouse within Holywells Park, Ipswich, was undertaken by members of the Friends of Holywells Park. The main aim was to confirm if an icehouse was present on this site and, if discovered, make a basic assessment of its current condition with a view to possible restoration. Two roughly rectangular test pits were excavated which revealed a circular brick structure, approximately 4m in diameter, parts of a covering brick dome and a short brick built tunnel, all of which are undoubtedly parts of a 19th century icehouse. The structure appears to be complete and in relatively good condition although a hole has been broken through the roof and the interior filled with soil …

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118 Northgate St

A brick and concrete air-aid shelter in the rear garden of No 118 Northgate Street, Bury St Edmunds was surveyed prior to its demolition. The shelter was an example of a double domestic surface shelter, the blue print for which was issued by the government in May 1939 …

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Church House, Church Lane

Multiple phases of monitoring were carried out on land to the rear of Church House, Bardwell, during which no medieval or earlier archaeological deposits were encountered. The excavated footing and drainage trenches instead revealed evidence for post-medieval pits and deposits, generally backfilled with or comprising demolition/construction material. Additionally, part of the foundation wall of a previous extension to the property was identified, which was erected in the 19th century …

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Land adjacent 17 Beeches Road, West Row

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on an area of land adjacent to 17, Beeches Road, West Row, Mildenhall, Suffolk, in advance of a small housing development. The site is situated on the corner of Beeches Road and Mildenhall Road …

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98A-100 Risbygate Street

An excavation prompted by the redevelopment of 98a-100 Risbygate St identified features showing that the site was occupied prior to the construction of the existing timber framed building in the mid-late 17th century and the earlier occupation included some form of post built structure. The pottery suggests the site was in use from about the 12th century.
A clay floor was added to the timber framed building, possibly as early as the beginning of the 18th century, after the removal of a chimney stack and covered the site of the hearth suggested by an area of burning. The hearth demonstrates the level of the floor when the timber framed building was first erected and shows that the floor was originally just compacted earth. This lack of refinement suggests that this may have been an every day low status room, possibly a kitchen …

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Moreton Hall East

An excavation was carried out at the Moreton Hall East housing development, Great Barton. This area was identified of interest in an archaeological evaluation (SCCAS Report no. 99/64) and excavation confirmed the presence of a sparse scatter of archaeological features, and the line of the Catsale Green/Blowthorpe Heath boundary …

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Church Field

Three evaluation trenches were excavated on Church Field, Rede, in Suffolk. These revealed three ditches and two pits, which were all well preserved below differing levels of topsoil and subsoil. One of the ditches was probably medieval, producing 12th-14th century pottery, as well as animal bone and fired clay. Another of the ditches was a roadside feature that was backfilled with post-medieval material, whilst the third was undated. Of the two large pits, only one was dated, producing post-medieval tile. The other contained no finds …

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West Stow Anglo-Saxon Village perimeter fence

Monitoring of the construction of the new perimeter fence around the Anglo-Saxon Village at West Stow examined the excavation of c.190 postholes around the circumference of the village. Each hole was small diameter and c.0.8m deep but the frequency of them provided a useful plot of the soil profile and indicator of preservation. A deep layer of dark soil, interpreted as an occupation soil was recorded on the north-west side of the village which had not been sampled
by the earlier excavation …

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The Ship Inn, St. James Street

An archaeological monitoring of foundation trenching for an extension to the Ship Inn, St. James Street, Dunwich and ground reduction for a road to the south identified a dense sequence of archaeological features spanning the medieval and post-medieval periods. These included post-holes, some of which formed identifiable building outlines, cess and rubbish pits, an oven, and a sequence of roadside ditches. Finds dating to the medieval and post-medieval period were recovered during the archaeological work …

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Guildhall Feoffment Primary School

An archaeological evaluation was carried out at the Guildhall Feoffment Primary School, in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. Two trenches were excavated, revealing a series of medieval quarry pits. Post-medieval quarry pits were also excavated, as well as pits of uncertain function. Two postholes were recorded and these may have been medieval or post-medieval. Layers of post-medieval garden soil and a series of late post-medieval surface or levelling deposits were also excavated across both trenches, sealing the features. Finds included pottery (Late Saxon, medieval, post-medieval and modern), medieval and post-medieval brick and tile, post-medieval window and bottle glass, slag, animal remains and oyster shell, as well as undiagnostic struck flint. The features were generally well preserved under the garden soil and the environmental samples produced evidence of cereal processing (possibly including malting) or the use of cereal waste for kindling, as well as wood charcoal, and hammerscale residues. This material suggests that agricultural, industrial and domestic activities were likely to be taking place in the vicinity …

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Tuddenham Road

A fieldwalking survey was carried out on the site of the proposed new cemetery at Tuddenham Road, Ipswich. The results indicate that there has been prehistoric activity within the development area …

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Millfields Way

Excavation of a site identified in evaluation as having limited occupation in either the Iron Age or early Anglo-Saxon revealed a sparse scatter of features, with one pit being dated as Iron Age …

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Cavenham Heath National Nature Reserve strip and rotavation

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on Cavenham Heath over 993sq metres. This revealed no archaeological features, a small number of unstratified heated flints and one unstratified flint end scraper that was probably Neolithic …

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Castle Access

A granted aided project to construct a timber walkway access to the inner bailey of Bungay Castle would involve limited invasive groundworks, particularly associated with the removal of 20th century concrete garden features. In order to ensure that no archaeological deposits were damaged during the construction process, the removal of the six areas of concrete was undertaken by archaeologists. All of the concrete was found to be superficial in character, only set into the topsoil layer …

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Merchant Quarter, Fore Street

This archaeological desk based assessment (DBA) has been undertaken in advance of any proposal to re-develop the PDA. The DBA includes an examination of the Suffolk Historic Environment Record (HER) and a historic map and documentary search …

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Land Adjacent to the Little Laurels

An evaluation was undertaken to assess the extent of surviving archaeology within the area of a proposed housing development adjacent to the Medieval green at Mellis. A series of linear trenches were machine excavated to the depth of the natural subsoil. A ditch and a small number of pits were located, probably of medieval date, as suggested by artefacts recovered from these features …

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New USAF housing, RAF Lakenheath

A desk-top assessment has been carried out to establish the archaeological potential of an area of agricultural land proposed for a large housing development for the USAF at Eriswell in Suffolk. The development area lies within a rich historic landscape on the fen-edge in the south-western corner of Breckland Environmentally Sensitive Area. The assessment has looked at the Suffolk County Sites and Monuments Record (SMR), all readily available cartographic sources, available aerial photographic evidence, and civil and environmental listings for the site …

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Community Test Pit project

A community test pitting event took place at Stoke-by-Nayland in Suffolk, over the 27th and 28th October, 2012. This was run by Suffolk County Council Archaeology Service and The Stour Valley Landscape Partnership as part of the Managing a Masterpiece scheme. …

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Cavenham Quarry Extension

An desk-based assessment was undertaken as a result of a proposal to extend the Cavenham Heath Quarry. The assessment included an examination of the County Sites and Monuments Record (SMR), a documentary search and a site walkover. …

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5, Church Walk

An archaeological monitoring was carried out at 5, Church Walk, Mildenhall which identified a ditch, two pits, four postholes and one postpipe. Most of the features were undated, but the light fills and lack of organic material within the postholes in particular may suggest that they are prehistoric in date. Features from which dating evidence was recovered were post-medieval …

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Narrow Way

An archaeological evaluation, involving both desktop survey and trial-trenching, was carried out in advance of a small housing development. …

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The Maltings

The construction of flats along Westgate Street involved the demolition of an extensive malting complex and led to a small excavation on a small strip of land with a College Street frontage. The earliest evidence from the site was probably a series of postholes suggesting a post built building to the north of the plot, however the dating evidence was inconclusive. The main site was scattered with cess pits during the medieval and late medieval periods and there was a series of ovens suggesting some industrial activity. Medieval concrete, recovered from a cess-pit, is a rare find which suggests there was a high status building close by. Later activity on the site, including the excavation of a rectangular flint and mortar lined pit, which was backfilled in the 19th century, probably relate to the maltings which has stood on part of the site since the 18th century …

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Foul Drainage, RAF Lakenheath

Monitoring of a foul drainage pipe trench on RAF Lakenheath, within the parish of Eriswell in Suffolk, revealed a Roman skeleton with evidence of a coffin stain and several coffin nails. Additionally several ditches are thought to be Roman, relating to the occupation seen at the northern end of the pipe trench, whilst a limited quantity of later prehistoric worked flint and pottery indicate a low level of later prehistoric occupation in this area …

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1 Pinbush Road

An archaeological evaluation and subsequent monitoring was undertaken in advance of an extension to the Harrod factory at Pinbush Road, Gisleham, in order to characterise the nature of any surviving archaeological deposits. An early Iron Age site was recently discovered just to the south of this site (CAC 035) and scattered Prehistoric finds are recorded on the county Sites and Monuments Record in the area. The site is also just to the east of Bloodmoor Hill, an area with abundant archaeology including an Anglo-Saxon settlement and cemetery site. Five trenches were excavated over the development area, and were stripped to the level of the natural subsoil …

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34A and B Rectory Cottages

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land immediately east and south of 34A and B Rectory Cottages, Elveden, Suffolk. One prehistoric pit of probable later Bronze Age or Iron Age date and a further later, possibly post-Roman pit were discovered. These contained Neolithic/Early Bronze Age and Late Bronze Age/Iron Age flint, and Iron Age and Roman pottery. A further undated but possibly associated pit was also found. A possible buried topsoil layer of uncertain age was also observed. Unstratified Mesolithic, Neolithic or later prehistoric flints were recovered. There were generally good levels of preservation, although there was shallow truncation over much of the site, particularly relating to the house footings …

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Harps Close Meadow

This archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken in response to a proposal to redevelop the site. It includes an examination of the Suffolk Historic Environment Record, an aerial photographic survey and a historic map and documentary search …

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Barnham Cross Common

A Rapid Identification Survey for heritage assets in advance of a proposed program of heath re-creation and restoration at Barnham Cross Common SSSI and Elm Road Field SSSI, Thetford has identified a series of features of local significance …

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Chilton Farm

The final phase of the archaeological investigations at County Farm, Chilton was carried out in May & June 1997. Although this involved the excavation of a c.1.85 hectare area, only the northwestem and northeastem sides of a late prehistoric enclosure, first identified during evaluations in 1996, were revealed. …

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Land adjacent to Topos

Archaeological monitoring of strip foundation trenches identified a single pit from which a substantial quantity of medieval pottery was recovered, most of which was from a single bowl of 13th - 14th century date …

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Swan Hotel

Phases of evaluation and excavation fieldwork were carried out prior to the construction of a spa on land to the rear of the Swan Hotel, in Lavenham, Suffolk in the centre of Lavenham, fronting onto the high street to the west, with Lady Street to the east. Prior to the excavation a series of 19th century and modern buildings were present in the northern half of the site, which were demolished under archaeological supervision …

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Holywells Park, Moated Site

Archaeological monitoring of the moat desilting at Holywells Park was undertaken during December 2006. During these operations four lengths of tree trunk that had been bored through longitudinally were recovered. Each had a tapered end which fitted in to the opposite end of its neighbour and together they formed a pipe some 12m in length. They were recovered underneath a causeway across one arm of the moat and would have allowed water to flow from one side to the other although this is believed to be a secondary use as they appear to have been designed to withstand substantial internal pressure such as that required in an ornamental fountain. A fountain is marked on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map some 270m to the west of the findspot. …

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West Row Primary School, Rear Extension

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land behind West Row Primary School and identified a single ditch of Roman (3rd to 4th century) date. Although only a very short length of the ditch was revealed, its orientation and the character of the fills therein, strongly suggest that it was the eastward continuation of a ditch identified during a previous excavation to the west. Two very small sherds of hand-made sand-tempered pottery recovered from the fill of the ditch suggest the possibility that Iron Age or Saxon remains may also be present in the vicinity …

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7 Cannon Street

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during the building of an extension to No.7 Cannon Street Bury St Edmunds. A single medieval pit was uncovered and partially excavated, which was dated 12th to 14th centuries. An unusual component of the assemblage was a large collection of fish bones …

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Site to the Northeast of 1 Ellwoods Close

An archaeological trial trench evaluation was undertaken by Suffolk Archaeology CIC on land to the northeast of 1 Ellwoods Close, Isleham, Cambridgeshire. A total area of 54sqm (c.5% of the total 0.11ha site) was evaluated to assess the quantity, quality and extent of any surviving archaeological deposits within a field currently lying fallow …

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Neptune Quay

Two trial-trenches were excavated within the footprint of proposed buildings close to the Fore Street frontage of the site. In addition, the excavation of eight engineering test-pits was also monitored. Evidence was recorded in both trenches for cellars, rooms and passages associated with buildings fronting onto Fore Street. These were dated from their included bricks as Late 17th to 19th century, although the good quality of the brickwork suggests a date towards the later end of this range. …

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Land North of Lower Road

A programme ofgeophysical survey, topographical survey and trial trenching was undertaken on land to the north of Lower Road in an attempt to establish some further information about the context ofa notable metal detected find made in July 2001. The find, a fragment of Iron Age mirror handle, belongs to a class of object that is well-dated, has an interesting distribution in East Anglia and are usually securely attributed to burial contexts. …

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2 Southgate Street

A small oven was found during monitoring in 2008 of footing trenches for an extension at the rear of No.2 Southgate Street, a medieval timber-framed building in the medieval core of the town. The oven was sealed beneath a medieval clay floor which was cut by later rubbish pits. The pits were dated by pottery to 16th-18th century. Further trenches were excavated for a cart lodge at the rear of the plot in 2013, which revealed a postmedieval wall footing …

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2 Church View

An archaeological monitoring revealed two undated possible quarry pits, one undated posthole and two ditch cuts. These two cuts may represent the same ditch and as such appear to respect a field boundary and road shown on the 1886 First Edition Ordnance Survey map. Despite some truncation near to the existing building, there seem to be well preserved archaeological levels across the site …

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Sheringham Court, Milton Road

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at Little Sheringham Court, Milton Road, Stowmarket in April 2010. During this work, archaeological features, consisting of ditches, pits, post-holes, and planting features associated with formal gardens, were recorded and artefacts ranging from the prehistoric to the post-medieval periods were recovered. These findings suggested aside from the later activity, an area of possibly significant medieval occupation existed within the site with a back ground of low level prehistoric activity …

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Steps Farm to Water Tower

Monitoring of a new water main, by Anglian Water Services Ltd, in the parishes of Stoke by Nayland and Polstead retrieved a small assemblage of medieval pottery from a c.0.2 metre thick subsoil layer in a c.20 metre stretch of the stripped trench, possibly a hillwash deposit on the natural slope …

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St Lawrence's Church

An assessment project of the redundnant church, prior to its proposed conversion included a largely non-invasive excavation in the area under the pew bases in the nave, limited excavation in the southern churchyard, the recording of wall and floor monuments and a structural assessment of the church, utilising all readily accessible documentary sources
and incorporating a visual inspection ofthe interior and exterior fabric in order to allocate phases of construction …

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Land to south of Dunmow Road

The DBA identified moderate/high potential for archaeological deposits of local or regional importance from the prehistoric, Roman or medieval periods. The preservation of such deposits is likely to be good to high, depending on the depth of truncation caused by recent agricultural activities …

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Land Adjacent to Eastgate Street and Minden Close

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land adjacent to Eastgate Street and Minden Close, Bury St. Edmunds and identified two ditches, a series of large pits (one containing a deposit of horn cores), two smaller pits, deposits associated with the Abbey Precinct wall and possible floor surfaces. The majority of these features have been spotdated to the mid-12th and 14th centuries, whilst only one ditch was dated to the post-medieval period …

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Proposed Greenhouses, Loraine Way

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on a 22.3ha area of land adjacent to Loraine Way, Bramford, in advance of the construction of a large commercial greenhouse and its associated infrastructure. …

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Land at Station Road

An evaluation was undertaken to assess the extent of surviving archaeology within the area of a proposed housing development on land east of Station Road, Cotton. The area was believed to be the site of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery discovered during 19th century railway construction. …

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Rear of 'Wrights', St Catherine's Road, Little St Mary's

A programme of trial trenching identified an E-W aligned wall of 3rd-4th century date, interpreted as part of an exterior boundary rather than part of a building. A shallow spread of dumped material of similar date confirmed the presence of late Roman occupation. A single N-S aligned ditch indicated later sparse activity in the early post-medieval period (15th-16th centuries) …

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St. Mary the Virgin

The earliest phase (11th or 12th century) of the church of St. Mary the Virgin, Little Hormead, East Hertfordshire includes the rare survival of an original iron bound door leaf …

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Pear Tree House

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken in advance of the construction of a number of dwellings on the site of Pear Tree House, Great Finborough, in order to characterise the nature of any surviving archaeological deposits. The site lies on the outskirts of Great Finborough, a village at least medieval in origin, and is thought to be sited on or near the edge of a former medieval green. …

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Windy Hall, Church Lane

An archaeological monitoring identified the presence of a pit of probable medieval origin continuing in use into the
early post-medieval period. A small body sherd of a glass vessel recovered from the latest fills of the pit dated to between the 16th and 18th centuries. Additionally, the monitoring identified a large, gravel and sand-filled possible pit, located partly beneath the north-east corner of Windy Hall itself …

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EDF Test Pits, Sizewell Power Station

Monitoring of test pits at Sizewell Power Station, Leiston was carried out in order to record any archaeological evidence revealed by the groundworks. Three areas were targeted and a total of 36 pits observed. These revealed significant modern disturbance in Zone Central (LCS 159), to a depth of over 4m in places, but little archaeological interest, with only three other pits containing anything other than undisturbed ground. These were a single pit with modern disturbance in Zone North (LCS 158), a pit with evidence of waterlogged deposits in the north of Zone South (LCS 160) and evidence of a channel, pond or wet hollow in the south of LCS 160. This latter feature contained a sherd of medieval pottery and lies just north of known medieval settlement evidence. A small quantity of unstratified medieval pottery was also collected from the plough soil in LCS 160 …

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Office Block, ForFarmers, Fred Castle Way, Rougham Industrial Estate

Archaeological trial trench evaluation within the proposed footprint of a two and three storey office building with associated car parking was carried out to assess the quantity, quality and extent of any surviving archaeological deposits within the ploughed field …

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Rickinghall Road

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken to assess the extent of surviving archaeology within the area of a proposed housing development in the vicinity of two recorded Medieval clamp kilns …

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Friars Street

Archaeological monitoring of deep excavations for pile caps revealed a spread of dark soil, in most places in excess of 2m thickness. Only near to the Friars Street frontage could features be detected, including an east to west running ditch dated to the Late Saxon period. This was identified in an area of considerable disturbance caused by modern basements …

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Land at County Farm (East), Church Field Road

This Desk Based Assessment has set the site within the known archaeological landscape through an updated examination of the Historic Environment Record, aerial photographs and a documentary search, adding to the information known from a previous assessment in 1996 …

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Tilbury Fort - replacement of the main electrical supply

Continuous archaeological monitoring of the hand excavation of a trench dug to replace the electrical supply cable to the buildings within Tilbury Fort was undertaken during October 2010. A total of 265m of hand dug trench was examined, the majority of which was within an existing trench excavated for the original supply cable. …

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Green Farm (reservoir), The Green

Four trenches were excavated in order to archaeologically evaluate the site of a proposed attenuation reservoir at Green Farm, The Green, Ilketshall St. Lawrence. A single ditch, post medieval in date and recorded on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1884, was present in three of the trenches, no further archaeological features were encountered …

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Babwell Friary (The Priory Hotel)

An archaeological evaluation was carried out within the grounds of The Priory Hotel, Bury St Edmunds,which is situated within a large part of the precinct of the Medieval Franciscan Friary at Babwell. …

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Land Adjacent Street Farm

An evaluation trench was excavated on land adjacent to Street Farm, Lawshall, in Suffolk. This revealed one late medieval/early post-medieval ditch and three early postmedieval pits, which were all well preserved below topsoil and a demolition layer. The features produced later medieval and post-medieval pottery and later medieval to postmedieval ceramic building material …

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Crows Hall

An extensive programme of refurbishment to the standing building included below ground disturbance to archaeological deposits. A trenched evaluation and subsequent monitoring facilitated the full recording of all the exposed archaeological features. …

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Fornham House

An archaeological evaluation was carried out at Fornham House, Fornham St Martin prior to the construction of an extension to the existing care home. Two trenches revealed evidence of a trackway that is recorded on the 1884 Ordinance Survey map. The site was heavily disturbed but a shallow irregular shaped pit may have been early post-medieval as it contained only a single sherd of pottery dated 15th-16th century, and animal bone …

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Land between Main Road and Felixstowe Road

Archaeological fieldwalking and metal-detection surveys were carried out on land between Main Road and Felixstowe Road, Martlesham, Suffolk. This was carried out after a geophysical survey that indicated the presence of possible prehistoric and medieval ditches, and prior to a trenched evaluation …

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Brundish Manor

A trial-trenching evaluation carried out within a standing barn identified at least two phases of flooring in one trench and the pre-barn topsoil in two of the trenches. In addition, an underlying pit-like feature recorded in the northernmost trench included medieval (mid-13th to mid-14th century) pottery within its fill and, as a consequence, was thought to be associated with the early occupation of the moated site …

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Improve Family Housing, RAF Lakenheath

A human skeleton was found during monitoring of a project to improve the standards of the family housing at RAF Lakenheath. The body was undated, but the grave cut a soil layer, probably dating to the Roman period. The only datable find was a single sherd of 2nd century AD Roman pottery …

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Fomer Hamlins Site, Park Road

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken on land to the south of Park Road, Diss (the former Hamlins site adjacent to the bus station) between the 12th and 15th February 2013. Several features of indeterminate date were identified, most likely to represent various drainage attempts to carry water away from the site towards the River Waveney to the south. A large ditch was encountered on the western side of the site, believed to be that shown on the first edition Ordnance Survey map of the area, which appears to have been a wholly modern feature with C19th china, bottle glass and metalwork found at the base of the feature …

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Meridian Wind Farm

This archaeological desk based assessment has been undertaken as a result of a proposal for the siting of two wind turbines on land to the north east of Stalham in the parish of Brumstead. This DBA includes an examination of the Norfolk Historic Environment Record, the Norfolk NMP data (aerial photographic information), a historic map and documentary search and a site walkover …

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Barn at Green Meadow

Archaeological recording was carried out during the conversion of the barn at Green Meadow, Hessett into a domestic dwelling. The project consisted of two parts: the first is a written and photographic record at English Heritage (2006) Level 3 of a grade II listed barn adjacent to a cottage known as Green Meadows; the second is the monitoring of the ground work associated with the barn redevelopment, which included the replacement of dwarf walls that were underpinning the historic barn with concrete footings and re-laid bricks …

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Burnt Lane

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on an area of land situated at the corner of Burnt Lane and High Street, Orford, in advance of the construction of a single dwelling …

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The Park

An excavation carried out close to the site of the former Great Barton Hall revealed a series of posthole/pit type features and amassed 0.7kg of Iron Age and Late Iron Age/Early Roman pottery. The remains of part of the 19th century hall were also exposed, illustrating two phases of build …

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Parsonage Farm

Monitoring of footing trenches for extensions to Parsonage Farm, Long Melford revealed three undated pits and a burnt layer sealed by a thick deposit of clay which ran under the present house …

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Riverside Club

In general the topographic location of the PDA, together with the known archaeology and documented history of the area, suggests that there is a moderate to high potential for encountering archaeological remains of medieval and post-medieval date within the PDA and that such deposits are likely to be in a highly variable state of preservation …

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Bures Mill, Nayland Road

An archaeological monitoring of footing trenches for a new conservatory revealed a sequence of at least seven layers (including modern topsoil), the lower of which were either flood deposits or had been waterlogged previously. A fragment of pegtile recovered from the base of the exposed sequence suggests that all the observed layers were deposited in the late medieval or post-medieval period …

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403-439, Bramford Road

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land to the rear of 403 - 439 Bramford Road, Ipswich, in advance of a housing development. Nine trenches with a total length of 190m were excavated across the site. Within these a single undated ditch and a single pit, from which a small amount of Late Neolithic pottery was recovered, were excavated and recorded …

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Clare Priory

An archaeological investigation was carried out on the south wall of the church at Clare Priory. Much of the south wall has the appearance of a 19th century rebuild and the aim of the investigation was to determine whether it has a medieval core. The results of a measured survey of the inner and outer elevations and a series of test holes suggested that whilst the footings and western end of the wall were medieval, most of the wall length had been reconstructed in two phases in the 18th and 19th centuries. A medieval footing, in the form of a solid pad of bonded flint 7m2, was also found, suggesting a structure had projected from the southern wall. This may have supported an outshot staircase which is illustrated on 18th century engravings of the building. Evidence of an earlier footing also suggested that there was a building predating the church on the site …

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High Lodge

Monitoring of a soil strip for a new footpath and an excavation for a new soak-away was carried out on land immediately to the west and south of the Forestry Commission buildings at High Lodge, in Santon Downham, Suffolk. The works revealed no cut features, but in one area a preserved buried but undated soil horizon was recorded, and several Neolithic and Late Bronze Age/Iron Age struck flints were recovered …

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Batemans Barn, South Elmham Hall

A programme of conservation and modification to Batemans Barn, a building forming part of the South Elmham Hall moated complex, a Scheduled Ancient Monument, required archaeological recording. Examination of the flint and mortar walls incorporated in the existing building confirmed their medieval date and identified constructional features (lift-lines), but no architectural detail. Later phases of patching, rebuilding and surface treatments were also recorded. Monitoring of two trenches excavated by the contractors, one to the west of the barn and one inside, failed to identify any archaeological deposits …

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Cockfield Hall (Rising Mains)

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on groundworks during the installation of pumping stations and new foul drains at Cockfield Hall, Yoxford, Suffolk. Cockfield Hall is a Grade I Listed Building of special architectural and historic interest, with an associated complex of buildings containing eight Grade II listed structures. The hall also lies within the Area of Archaeological Importance recorded in the County Historic Environment Record, on the northern side of the Yox Valley. During these groundworks, two possible archaeological features were identified and a small quantity of medieval pottery was recovered …

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40 Peckham Street

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land behind 40 Peckham Street, Bury St Edmunds. Three trial trenches uncovered a clay building platform in association with a probable clay oven and at least two hearths. There were also several pits that were cut through a buried soil layer which was present particularly towards the east and north of the site. The pits are likely to be contemporary with the clay platform and several contained medieval pottery that is dated 12th-15th century. The orientation of the clay platform falls approximately at right angles to Long Brackland Street and it is possible that this may be evidence for a substantial cross-wing from a property on that street. It is clear from the evaluation that the settlement evidence represents a significant archaeological resource from an area of the medieval town from which little is known …

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All Saints Church

Following the excavation of two small test-pits within the body of the tower of All Saints Church, Laxfield, monitoring of the groundworks in advance of constructing toilet facilities was carried out …

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Low Farm

Examination of spoil from the construction of an agricultural building close to Low Farm revealed evidence for medieval activity of 11th to 14th century date with the recovery of some 40 sherds of pottery …

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Dormitory 937, RAF Lakenheath

An excavation was undertaken on the site of the redevelopment of Dormitory 937 at RAF Lakenheath. This site lies on the east side of the Norwich Road immediately north of the 1997 cemetery site, ERL 104. The excavation revealed a network of ditches apparently dating to the Roman and Saxon periods (both Early Anglo-Saxon and Middle Saxon pottery were recovered) as well as some pits. The topography was undulating with natural sand-filled hollows evident across the site …

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Fengate Drove

Excavation confirmed the presence of a substantial boundary ditch on the county border between Norfolk and Suffolk at Fengate Drove, Brandon. The ditch was recut several times, gradually shifting several metres to the north, with the final phase closely matching the modern boundary. The final stages of its infilling appear to have been in the late medieval/post-medieval period but material dating evidence was very limited. By the late 19th century only a belt of trees and possible fenceline marked the boundary …

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Plum Pudding Hill, Upper Street

A trial trench evaluation was carried out at the above site in advance of a proposal to erect an extension to the existing property, construct new access and change of the use of the land to a care home garden. The site appeared to have seen some terracing on its western edge, possibly due to the construction of a tennis court some time prior to the current works. However, hill wash deposits downslope and further to the east indicate the possibility for surviving archaeology that has been well protected from field cultivation. Two features were encountered, one a dubious linear feature and the other an undated ditch …

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Fence realignment, Peacekeeper Park, RAF Lakenheath

An archaeological monitoring of postholes for a new fenceline on land to the north of Caudle Head, RAF Lakenheath, identified a probable build up of preserved occupation soils relating to Roman occupation …

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Crown Nurseries, High Street

An archaeological evaluation involving the excavation of eleven trenches took place at Crown Nurseries, High Street, Ufford as a condition on planning consent for the construction of 34 new houses on the site. The trenches revealed two pits, one of which produced a small assemblage of earlier Iron Age pottery …

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Land North of Withersfield Road

The evaluation consisted of a series of linear trenches which were mechanically excavated to the depth of the natural subsoil. Within the immediate vicinity of the hoard site a small group of features containing Late Bronze Age pottery were excavated. These features consisted of small shallow pits or postholes. No other significant archaeological deposits or features were located within the evaluation area …

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Extension to building 916, RAF Lakenheath

Archaeological excavation and monitoring was carried out during the construction of a small extension and associated works to Building 916. The site lies within 20m of an Early Saxon cemetery excavated in 1959 and it was thought that cemetery features might be found. However only two features were identified, one of which produced Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age pottery. This indicates possible settlement activity of this date nearby but there was no evidence that the Early Saxon cemetery continued into this area …

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Land west of Church Cottages

Thirteen trenches were excavated on land west of Church Cottages, Brightwell, as a condition of planning consent to develop the site. Various pits and ditches were recorded which are likely to be associated with extensive field systems in the area known from air photos and suggested within the study area by the results of a geophysical survey of the site in 2013. Very few of the features identified matched positive anomalies from the survey. …

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25-34 New Road

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken ahead of the proposed redevelopment of the southern end of New Road, Ixworth with five trenches being excavated in the rear gardens of Nos. 25 to 24 New Road. …

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Paridae, Cranfield Park

A trial trench evaluation was carried out at the above site after the granting of a planning consent for the demolition of the existing property and construction of two new houses on the site, along with associated access and services. …

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The Old Slaugterhouse, Chediston Street

Monitoring of ground works for an extension to The Old Slaughterhouse, Chediston Street, Halesworth, was carried out as a condition of the planning consent in order to record any archaeological evidence revealed by the groundworks. The excavated building footprint revealed made-up ground to a depth of over 1m which may have at least partly been deposited during the construction of the adjacent Old Slaughterhouse. Post-medieval finds were common throughout the made up layers but one medieval sherd was also recovered. At the base of the excavated footprint two features were recorded cutting the natural clay subsoil, each containing finds of post-medieval date …

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Guildhall Feoffment Primary School

An archaeological evaluation (December 2015) and excavation (March 2016) were carried out on the site of the Guildhall Feoffment Primary School, off Bridewell Lane in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. This report provides a quantification and assessment of the site archive and considers its potential for further analysis …

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Mettingham Castle

This monitoring report consists of two parts: recorded observation of the machine de-silting of a section of the moat ditch adjacent to the southern curtain wall of Mettingham Castle, with a speculative interpretation of the design and profile of the original moat, and a tape and eye sketch survey of both faces of the surviving fragment of the South Curtain Wall with descriptive notes on the fabric of the building, the suviving architectural detail and a preliminary interpretation and speculative reconstruction …

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Land to rear of Kent Lodge

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the construction of two houses and a garage block on land to the rear of Kent Lodge, Eye Road, Yaxley, was undertaken during spring and summer of 2010. A series of foundation trenches were examined and a large, north-south aligned, undated ditch measuring c. 2m wide and 1.5m deep, was revealed …

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Drainage improvement works, Melford Hall

Monitoring of the trenches excavated for the installation of new drains at Melford Hall, Long Melford demonstrated that archaeological deposits associated with the earlier medieval buildings and occupation survive on the site. Evidence of structural features, probable pits and occupation layers were recorded and indicate that the extent of this activity seems to coincide fairly precisely with the footprint of the present hall and service yard. This supports the theory that the
current hall was built over the site of the previous medieval manorhouse. …

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Land off Ullswater Drive, Bloodmoor Hill

This report presents the evidence from an archaeological excavation on a 5.76 acre site off Ullswater Drive, Bloodmoor Hill, Carlton Colville. It provides a quantification and assessment of the site archive and considers the potential of the archive to answer specific research questions. The significance of the data is assessed and recommendations for dissemination of the results of the fieldwork are made. …

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Lane Corner, Palmers Lane

Monitoring of ground works for an extension to Lane Corner, Palmers Lane, Walberswick, was carried out as a condition of the planning consent in order to record any archaeological evidence revealed by the groundworks. Strip foundations revealed made-up ground to a depth of 1m close to the house which may be the fill of a large pit, whilst in the south of the footings layers which may relate to construction/demolition activity on or close to the site were identified. The finds from these layers are medieval to post medieval in date and floortile which is likely to have originated from the nearby St. Andrews church …

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20 Egremont Street

A trial trenched evaluation was conducted at 20 Egremont Street, Glemsford, in advance of a future housing development at the site. Archaeological deposits were encountered across the western half of the site area and included three pits and the corner of a possible ditched enclosure. Finds associated with these features included tin-glazed and imported slipware pottery, clay pipes and ceramic building material of likely 17th and 18th century date. The eastern half of the site appears to be heavily truncated, probably caused by the clearance of previous buildings along the street frontage and the construction of the post-war dwelling that occupies the site today …

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Lowestoft Road

An archaeological evaluation on land at the east edge of Worlingham has revealed two 12th-14th century medieval sites both apparently sited on the frontage of two medieval roads, one WGM 007 on both sides of what is now a farm track and the other WGM 008 on the east edge of Church Lane …

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Suffolk Hotel Garage, High Baxter Street

The construction of two houses on the site of the former Suffolk Hotel garage on High Baxter Street led to an excavation of the street frontage. A residual sherd of Anglo-Saxon pottery was the earliest find from the site. The first significant occupation evidence is from the medieval period with some evidence of building although the site was mostly filled with pits for rubbish and cess disposal. This suggests the street frontage was of secondary importance at this time. …

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Land behind 70 Northgate Street

Evaluation trenching and the monitoring of footings were carried out on land behind 70 Northgate Street, Bury St Edmunds. The site lies almost next to the site of the medieval North Gate. Evidence was uncovered of recent light industrial use above, and cutting, a horizon of redeposited clay with gravel below. This layer may have been a demolition deposit from buildings close to the North Gate. it may also have a deliberate attempt to raise the ground level on the edge of the floodplain. Beneath this layer was a buried medieval soil with some evidence of medieval features below including a probable gravel quarry pit. Few finds were recovered from the site and it seems likely that despite medieval activity demonstrated by the cut features, occupation in this area of the town was not dense …

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28 Friary Meadow

An archaeological monitoring was undertaken during the excavation of footings for a garage on the southern side of 28 Friary Meadow. The development was located within the precinct of the medieval Babwell Friary and was approximately 17m north of the excavated site of the friary church. Two parallel walls were exposed forming a corridor with a tiled floor which may have been part of a cloister to the north of the church. A third wall was also identified and was part of a structure to the west. A heavily disturbed external cobbled surface was also identified to the north and west of the walls. All structural remains were left preserved in situ by the developer …

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Trust Farm

An archaeological recording was carried out during the re-development of the farmhouse at Trust Farm, Dennington. Trust Farm lies within an area of archaeological interest and is record in the Historic Environment Record as being the site of a medieval moated enclosure (DNN 008) …

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Land east of 13 East Lane

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during the excavation of foundation trenches for a housing development. This was the second phase of archaeological fieldwork to take place on this site …

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Almoner's Barns, Cullum Road

An evaluation to assess the archaeological potential of residential development at Almoner's Barns, Cullum Road, Bury St Edmunds showed that the site, thought to be the location of a medieval and post-medieval farm complex, has been subject to significant change and landscaping since the late 19th century, which probably included extensive truncation of geological and archaeological horizons. No firm evidence of the farm complex as shown on mid-19th century and earlier mapping was identified at any point in the trenching, although one ditch may possibly be from this period or earlier and the date of a small brick structure is uncertain …

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Newmarket Isolation Hospital

An archaeological excavation was undertaken on the site of the former Newmarket Isolation Hospital investigated two small areas and identified a series of boundary ditches, representing early field systems …

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Old Keepers Lodge

A photographic survey was carried out during building repairs to the Old Keepers Lodge, a former late 14th century warren lodge consisting of a substantial two storey building c.3.5m square and surviving to a height of 4.88m. It is built of mortared flint with dressed limestone on the quoins and the first floor openings …

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Cavenham NNR

Through an examination of the Suffolk HER and National Heritage List for England, a documentary and cartographic search and a site inspection, this DBA has set the NNR within its immediate archaeological landscape …

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Consolidated Support Complex and Family Support Complex, RAF Lakenheath

Archaeological excavations at two sites on the east side of Boston Drive at RAF Lakenheath identified extensive Middle Saxon occupation consisting of field systems, pits and a distinctive pit group. Finds of Ipswich Ware pottery and evidence from the animal bone showing food waste, butchery, milk and wool production and possibly horncore working along with the evidence of the slag for a possibly smithy suggest both domestic and industrial activity with settlement very nearby and mixed farming being carried out. This is the most extensive and intensive area of Middle Saxon occupation so far identified at RAF Lakenheath, other lesser areas of occupation have been found in an east-west band west of these sites. The field systems show a sequence of recutting and realignment suggesting a prolonged period of activity lasting throughout the
Middle Saxon period, probably comprising settlement and associated farming. The presence of a later soil layer and a single medieval feature suggests some limited presence in the Late Saxon and medieval periods, but the main settlement had probably been abandoned by the 9th century. …

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Culford School Tennis Air Hall, The Street

An archaeological excavation was carried out on land at Culford School, Culford, in advance of the construction of a new indoor tennis facility. This was after trial trenching confirmed the presence of deposits dating to both the Iron Age and post-medieval periods, along with several undated features. The site, which is thought to lie within or near to the site of the original medieval village of Culford and within the area of ornamental gardens related to Culford Hall, identified evidence of significant activity in the later Bronze Age (c.1150-800BC) and the post-medieval period. An Early Bronze Age burial, with a complete food vessel, was also investigated within the site …

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New Gym, Intermediate School

An archaeological evaluation carried out on land at the Intermediate School, RAF Lakenheath, identified a single undated ditch, indicating that the site lies in a peripheral area between two known areas of extensive Roman occupation at Thunderbird Way/Kennedy Street and Caudle Head …

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West Lodge, The Street

An archaeological evaluation was carried out in an area of land immediately adjacent to West Lodge, The Street, East Bergholt, in advance of the construction of an extension to an existing house. A single trench was excavated which revealed a series of red-brick wall bases on a yellow cemented gravel foundation. These are the remnants of a range of buildings as marked on a late 19th century map. Between the walls a natural subsoil of grey silty sand and gravel was noted below an overburden of sand, gravel and brick rubble, which formed the sub-base for a hard surface, or a dark topsoil towards the
northern end of the trench. No archaeological features were identified and no artefacts of any period were recovered …

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Shackerland Hall Quarry

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken to assess the archaeological potential of 'Phase 7' ofShackerland Hall Quarry. A limited programme of trenching uncovered the edge of an ancient mere and watercourse which ran roughly parallel to the modern Westley Road. There was evidence of both Romano-British, and prehistoric, settlement alongside the watercourse …

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Martello P, cable duct

Archaeological monitoring of the excavation of a service trench on land adjacent to Martello Tower P, Felixstowe, was undertaken during March 2013. The tower dates from the early 19th century and is a Scheduled Monument. During this work a surface of pale mortar with small brick fragments and pebbles, c. 8.5 cm thick, was recorded at a depth of 0.6m below the present ground surface. A small area of brickwork, which may have been a wall base, was located crossing the trench at an angle approximately 2m to the west. It was sitting on a similar material situated at the same depth. These features have been interpreted as the remains of a structure. The surface was cut by a concrete anchor for a mast that was erected around 1900. An encircling ditch, as identified during an earlier evaluation, was seen in the area adjacent the tower …

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Rose Cottage

A trench excavated by Mr Les Andrews in the garden of Rose Cottage, Stowlangtoft, uncovered a medieval ditch which is thought to have been a former boundary to the site. Finds from the ditch included pottery and animal bone dating from the 12th/14th century …

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Station Road East

A trial trench evaluation was carried out at the above site in advance of a proposal to redevelop the site for residential properties and associated parking. A number of features of archaeological interest were recorded during the work. The site appears to have been low lying, possibly marshy ground prior to the completion of the Stowmarket Navigation in 1793, which made the River Gipping much more navigable for the transport of goods. The completion of the Navigation led to the foundation of a number of industrial and mercantile operations at the navigation head on the development site. Foremost among these were maltings and their associated warehouses, evidence for which was recorded during the evaluation. A modest assemblage of finds dating from the medieval up to the early modern period was collected …

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Modular Control System

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during the laying of cable around the airfield at RAF Lakenheath. Most of the trenching was not seen but two undated pits and a buried soil were recorded beneath the access road to the airfield at Caudle Head …

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The Deer Park, Weston Park Golf Club

An archaeological trial trench evaluation carried out to assess the archaeological potential of 27.5ha of pasture land adjacent to Weston Park Golf Club, Weston Longville, Norfolk, identified a surviving archaeological horizon across the site at a depth of 0.4m-0.7m. Archaeological deposits consisted of evidence for widespread and dispersed prehistoric activity, principally in the Early to Middle Neolithic and Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age periods, and for post-medieval land management …

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St James' Cathedral

A desk-based assessment was carried out in advance of proposals to further develop the Cathedral precinct yard in order to complete the design associated with the construction of the Crossing and Chancel of the 1960s and the Refectory and choir room of the 1980s. …

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Waveney House Hotel, Puddingmore

An archaeological evaluation was carried out at the Waveney House Hotel, a 16th century structure (with later additions) standing on the southern bank of the River Waveney. A single linear trench and a small test pit were machine excavated. This revealed dumped deposits of material containing a small amount of mixed artefacts, dating from the Saxon period up to the Late Medieval period, on top of river silts. This suggests that the area of the trench is likely to be reclaimed marsh and that this reclamation is of presumably a Late Medieval date …

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Land North-West of Bury St Edmunds

The first phase of a two stage evaluation was carried out on land to the north-west of Bury St Edmunds adjacent to the southern side of the A1101 which runs along the Lark Valley. A total of 120 trenches were excavated across the central and southern portions of the Proposed Development Area (PDA) between 18th February and 13th March 2013. …

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PIK Housing, Beck Row

An archaeological evaluation of land at Washington Street, Beck Row, Mildenhall, identified evidence of Late Iron Age and Roman occupation, principally consisting of ditch systems together with occasional pits. The dense scatter of features indicates a high level of activity, which is clearly an extension of the multi-period site MNL 502 that lies directly to the north …

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Oakes Farm

This archaeological Desk Based Assessment was undertaken to inform the planning process in advance of the proposed development of an Outdoor Sports andLeisure facility at Oakes Farm, Carlton Colville, Suffolk. It includes an examination of the Suffolk Historic Environment Record (HER), an aerial photographic survey, a historic cartographic search and a site inspection …

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Carlton Hall Farm, Land South of Beccles Road

An archaeological evaluation at of 14ha across two fields at Carlton Hall Farm demonstrated the presence of three archaeological sites. The surviving archaeology in the two sites along the northern edge of the area consisted of groups of cut features which included ditches and pits and possible evidence of dwellings. The density and the nature of the features suggests that the occupation here was more than a transient presence and suggests a prolonged domestic settlement. The amount of artefactual material was small but the pottery and flintwork indicate that the site was occupied during the Neolithic (2000-3000BC) and the Bronze-Age (2000-700BC) periods. A third site consisted of medieval ditches …

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1-3 St. Peter's Street

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the development of 1-3 St. Peter's Street revealed a moderately large deposit of predominately human bone under the floor of a Victorian cellar. It is presumed these are from burials disturbed when the cellar was originally dug in the 1860s. 1-3 St Peter's Street is the former site of Lord Curzon's house, an early 16th century mansion which was later used by the bishops of Norwich and from 1666, during the time of the Second Dutch War, housed a hospital for wounded navy seamen. Analysis of the bone has revealed skeletal injuries, including at least one sword cut, suggesting this bone deposit is probably associated with the hospital phase of the site …

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Land holdings of the Suffolk Wildlife Trust at Upper Hollesley Common

A map, aerial photographic and landscape survey was completed on land at Hollesley Common, owned and managed by the Suffolk Wildlife Trust. This work identified previously unknown earthworks relating to two periods, with sites relating to activity from the 1st and 2nd World Wars seen to overlie earlier features of a medieval and post medieval date. …

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Proposed earth shelter house, Little Priory, Church St

A single trial trench evaluation was carried out in advance of the construction of a proposed earth shelter dwelling. Under deep deposits of likely post-medieval date, two significant archaeological features were encountered at the southern end of the trench. A partly revealed possible footing of flint cobbles and mortar was encountered in the extreme south-east corner of the trench. The footing cut a large irregularly-based feature (possibly a series of ditches) which contained medieval pottery of 13th to 14th century date …

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Old Stowmarket Road

In March 2016 Suffolk Archaeology Community Interest Company undertook a detailed fluxgate gradiometer survey on land outlined for a proposed housing development to the south of Old Stowmarket Road, Woolpit, Suffolk. No
archaeological features of obvious significance were identified using this technique …

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British Telecom

Evaluation trenching along the northern edge and across the southern half of the Satellite Earthstation compound in the north-eastern corner of the BT Research Laboratories on Martlesham Heath revealed one small area with evidence of Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age ( c900-600BC) activity with two small pits containing sherds of 'Darmsden style' pottery close to the barrow sites that were excavated in 1974. The remainder of the evaluation area contained a few features of unknown date and function though some could have been caused by animal or tree disturbances …

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Duke Street, Ex-Kennings/Sixt vehicle hire

A desk-based assessment of a proposed mixed use development was carried out to assess the archaeological potential of the site, which covered an area of approximately 2700 square metres bounded by existing developments to the north, northeast and southeast and Duke Street, onto which the site fronts, to the west. …

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Bowls Club, Castle Street

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at Framlingham Castle Bowls Club, Castle Street, Framlingham during the excavation of foundations for an extension to the clubhouse …

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Cherry Tree Public House

Archaeological monitoring of ground disturbance in advance of the construction of new housing at Cherrytree Inn, Debenham revealed the presence of several urned and unurned cremations of middle Bronze Age date, as well as domestic hearth debris pits of early Anglo-Saxon date. The liminal nature of the topography of the site suggests that the burials fit in with a wider noted trend in Bronze Age burial practices for cemeteries to be located on the edges of landscape features, and often in relation to rivers and/or bodies of water. The presence of defined features of Anglo-Saxon date is the first time that stratified remains have been identified of this period in/around Debenham and may point to further Anglo-Saxon deposits being located to the south of the present town …

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Old Rectory, Church Lane

Archaeological monitoring of groundworks for the erection of a new extension at the Old Rectory in Hargrave recorded the presence of two rubbish pits (one of which was positively identified as medieval, one probably the same), two possible ponds and the footings of a small building, measuring approximately 5m E-W and continuing past the southern edge of the new footings …

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Tollgate Public House

An archaeological evaluation of land around the Tollgate Public House near the site of the medieval Babwell Mill revealed evidence for the water management system serving the mill. Documentary and physical evidence was found for the siting of the dam and mill pond as well as evidence for the changing course of the river, both natural and man-made. Possible Early Saxon features were found sealed by suspected medieval deposits which may indicate settlement activity, contemporary with a possibly Early Saxon cemetery identified last century on Tollgate Lane. The majority of material from this evaluation is of 16th century or later date. However, the presence of Early Saxon and early Roman material may be of significance in locating activity of these dates in this part of the town …

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Shotley Marina

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken during October 2006 to investigate the potential for buried archaeology and to assess what possible landscaping may have occurred within an area of land adjacent Shotley Marina, Shotley in advance of a proposed residential development. …

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Whitton Church Lane, proposed new recreation ground

During November and December 2008 a trenched evaluation at the site of a proposed new recreation ground revealed two main concentrations of archaeological features …

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Nacton Priory Park

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at Priory Park, Nacton between 11th February and 25th June 2009 during development of the site …

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Downham High Warren, High Lodge

A Rapid Archaeological Investigation Survey was undertaken within an area of Forestry Commission land centred on the High Lodge Visitor Centre, Santon Downham, Suffolk. The aim of the survey was to inform proposals for the creation of a multi-user heritage trail. Three proposed 5km trials were surveyed and a number of earthworks of potentially archaeological origin were recorded. The majority of these had been identified by previous surveys and are recorded on the County Historic Environment Record. Newly identified features that have been submitted to the HER for inclusion consisted of two extraction pits (?19th century), a possible prehistoric burial mound, a series of post-medieval field or plantation boundaries, and two further banks that are possibly related to the known warren banks …

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The Grove

An evaluation trench excavated in the area of a proposed sunken garden revealed a late medieval property boundary and post holes belonging to a possible timber framed structure …

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'Site B', Kempson Way

An archaeological excavation was carried out at Site B, Suffolk Business Park, Kempson Way, Bury St Edmunds from the 14th to the 22nd December 2005, in advance of construction of a postal sorting and delivery office. …

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Wangford Quarry Covert Extension, 1st Phase

In advance of gravel extraction a tWangford Quarry, a large open-area excavation and adjacent monitored soil strip was undertaken. …

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Garden Field

In March 2016 Suffolk Archaeology Community Interest Company undertook a detailed fluxgate gradiometer and magnetic susceptibility meter survey on land currently set aside for sheep pasture at Garden Field, Sutton Hoo, Suffolk …

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Balancing Pond, Low Road

As a result of an archaeological evaluation completed in 1999, two follow up excavations were undertaken in areas of the site where significant archaeology had been identified …

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Farm reservoir, SE of Grimseys Lane

Monitoring of the soil scrape during the creation of a farm reservoir revealed several sections of ditch. Two of these appear to correspond to anti-glider ditches shown on aerial photographs made in 1945, the third ditch has a similar fill and is probably also 20th century. No other finds or features were recognised although the disturbance of the ground caused by the use of box-scrapers for excavation meant that only the most obvious features could be recognised …

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Wangford Quarry: proposed southern extension

Trial trench evaluation of the proposed southern extension to Wangford Quarry, identified a series of ditches in the western half of the site, some of these on the same alignment as ditches extending from site WNF 023 to the north. It is possible that these ditches are part of a single N-S/E-W rectilinear enclosure, which could be up to 260m in length, or a series of separate ditch systems, possibly including some smaller enclosures, all on similar alignments. The ditch system may be medieval but a later prehistoric or Roman date cannot be ruled out …

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Beck Row

A series of trenches were excavated as part of the archaeological evaluation of 5ha of fields north of the Smoke House Inn, west of Skeltons Drove . …

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Langton Grove Farm

An archaeological evaluation, carried out within part of a proposed development area at Langton Grove Farm, Eye, revealed three ditches and one pit. Pottery from the site was indicative of 16th century activity …

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Kentford Lodge

An archaeological trenched evaluation was carried out at Kentford Lodge, Kentford, in Suffolk. Thirty-seven trenches were excavated, revealed limited Mesolithic/Neolithic and Roman artefacts, two undated inhumations and evidence of well preserved Late Bronze Age/early Iron Age and early Anglo-Saxon settlement overlooking the River Kennett valley …

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Archers Farm

Archaeological monitoring at Archers Farm, Little Waldingfield was carried out during the conversion of former agricultural buildings, construction of a new dwelling on the site of the former farmhouse and extensive landscape work. …

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Highfield Nursery, Chesterfield Drive

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at Highfield Nursery, Chesterfield Drive, Ipswich during the erection of an extension to the nursery. No deposits or archaeological features were recorded during the monitoring work, and it can be demonstrated that the extension lies entirely within a known extraction pit seen on early plans of the area. The extraction pit was filled with 20th century rubbish, none of which was retained …

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Site to the northeast of 1 Ellwoods Close

An archaeological excavation was undertaken by Suffolk Archaeology CIC from the 4th to the 26th May 2016, on land to the northeast of 1 Ellwoods Close, Isleham, Cambridgeshire. The excavation was undertaken ahead of the construction of two residential properties on a vacant plot of land, Romano-British and Anglo-Saxon activity having previously been identified by trail trench evaluation. …

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Human Remains, adjacent to Church of St John the Baptist

Following a chance discovery small-scale excavation revealed two human burials close to the parish churchyard. While definite dating of these burials was impossible circumstantial evidence pointed to the presence of a cemetery of
possible Roman date. Stray finds from the site included small quantities of Roman and Early to Late Saxon pottery including Ipswich ware …

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Moated Site at Braham Hall

A programme archaeological monitoring and recording during moat de-silting at Braham Hall, Brantham showed that no damage was caused to the monument and little new information about the site could be gathered. A photographic and drawn record was made of the newly cleaned ditch and pond profiles where access permitted …

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Land off Till Road

Four trenches were excavated on land off Till Road, Lowestoft, prior to submitting a planning application to redevelop the site. Modern disturbance was evident throughout in varying degrees but a single northwest-southeast aligned undated ditch was also recorded …

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Old Hall Farm, 67 High Road East

Archaeological monitoring of groundworks associated with the construction of a residential development on land adjacent Old Hall Farm, High Road East, Felixstowe, undertaken between June 2005 and March 2006, did not identify any archaeological features or artefacts of any period …

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Land at Grove Farm, Harleston Road

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at Grove Farm, Harleston Road, Linstead Magna, covering an area of approximately 2.6ha …

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Brick Kiln Farm

An archaeological investigation consisting of fieldwalking and metal detecting survey, followed by evaluation by trial trench was carried out on land at Brick Kiln Farm, Hemingstone in advance of a proposal to develop the site. No pre-modern evidence was recovered during the two walkover surveys but archaeological deposits were identified during the evaluation. Trench 1 in the northern part of the main field contained features of early medieval date, including a cluster of post-holes likely to form a part of a building of some kind. The finds associated with these features were of a domestic nature, implying occupation either on or very close to the site during the 11th-12th century …

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Denham Vicarage farm

This Desk-Based Assessment has set the location of a proposed farm reservoir development within its immediate archaeological landscape through an examination of the Suffolk Historic Environment Record, the National Heritage List for England, and available cartographic sources and aerial photography …

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Pink Cottages

Four evaluation trenches were excavated in an area immediately north-east of the Old Norwich Road, prior to its redevelopment for housing, in the parish of Coddenham, in Suffolk. The site had most recently been the location of a Grade II listed house (subsequently divided to form the Pink Cottages) and gardens, although the building burnt down in 2014. …

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Extension to building 1125, RAF Lakenheath

Further work was carried out to the north of the 1993 excavation (LKH 146) ahead of the construction of an extension to Building 1125, RAF Lakenheath. The area contained a series of linear ditches and two pits dating to the Roman period. The ditches can also be seen in the earlier excavation …

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Walsham le Willows CEVCP School

A single ditch was identified during monitoring of construction works for a new block of classrooms at Walsham Le Willows Primary School, orientated approximately east-west along the southern edge of the proposed raft foundation for the new building, with a row of small postholes just to the north of it. No dateable evidence was found within any of the features and the ditch and posthole alignment does not appear on any Ordnance Survey map of the area. It appears likely that the features were either contemporary with each other or one was a replacement of the other but that they both marked the same boundary line …

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Muntions Areas 1 and 2, RAF Lakenheath

Monitoring during road widening in Munitions Area 1 and 2 at RAF Lakenheath identified a low density of undated features and evidence for an ancient landscape of dunes and hollows …

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Little Mead, Church Lane

An archaeological monitoring was carried out at Little Mead, Mendham, in order to record any archaeological evidence revealed by the groundworks. The footings were excavated entirely through made up ground which contained finds of postmedieval date …

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17 Benton Street

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at 17 Benton Street, Hadleigh, during the excavation of strip foundations for a new dwelling on the site on the 10th January 2011. No archaeologically relevant artefacts or deposits were observed, a large modern refuse pit was noted in the centre of the site and foundations for a prior garage structure were present towards the north-eastern corner of the footings …

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Old Stowmarket Road

Between June and July 2016 the first phase of a two stage programme ofarchaeological trial trench evaluation was carried out on a piece of land off Old Stowmarket Road, Woolpit, Suffolk to inform proposals for the development of the site for housing. …

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Land adjacent to Lathbury Institute, Church Row

The monitoring of footing trenches during the construction of four houses uncovered evidence for at least fifteen pits. A small proportion of the spoil was seen during excavation and two sherds of pottery were recovered. Only one sherd was stratified in a pit but both were medieval coarseware and are dated 12th -13th century …

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Clock Field

Fourteen trenches were excavated during evaluation at Clock Field, Bourne Hill, Wherstead. Disturbance believed to be the result of extensive post-medieval mineral extraction was evident throughout the site. No earlier archaeological features were observed nor were any pre-modern features recovered from the upcast spoil …

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Street Sweeper Dump Site, RAF Lakenheath

Archaeological monitoring in advance of the construction of a Street Sweeper Dump Site at RAF Lakenheath identified ditches and a Roman buried soil containing pottery dating from the 2nd to 4th centuries AD. These finds represent a continuation of the Roman settlement identified to the east and south of this site and on the north side of Caudle Head Mere. The features and soil layer were sealed by windblown sand which appeared to have been worked, probably in the medieval or post-medieval period. The eastern end of the site had been truncated by levelling for a heavy vehicle compound, but evidence from the monitoring suggests that archaeological horizons on this side may have been previously truncated by the ploughing …

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Brettenham Heath

An archaeological rapid identification survey was carried out over five plots on Brettenham Heath, Norfolk. This was done in order to identify any earth works which might be present prior to rotavation as part of a conservation trial …

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Gedgrave Hall

Archaeological monitoring of an area stripped adjacent to Gedgrave Hall revealed a large pit, partly under a farm building of 19th century date. Finds from the pit indicate a late 17th or early 18th century date for this feature. The pit was likely to be a sand extraction quarry but the backfill included many large blocks of septaria and crag, some with mortar adhering. These could have originated from a nearby stone building …

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Southern Taxi-way and Perimeter Road, RAF Mildenhall

Monitoring of the construction of a new perimeter road and widening of the southern taxiway produced limited archaeological evidence. Soil truncation and deep disturbances associated with the construction and activities of the airbase meant that there was quite extensive damage to the soil profile on the route of the perimeter road. …

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Abbey Farm

This archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken as a result of a proposal by the Environment Agency and the RSPB to create an area of new conservation habitats such as freshwater reed marsh, on land at Abbey Farm Snape, and includes an examination of the Suffolk Sites and Monuments Record, a documentary search and an aerial photographic study. …

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Otley Hall

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the construction of an extension to an existing barn in the grounds of Otley Hall, Otley, was undertaken in January 2011. The excavation of a foundation trench was continuously monitored and a large cut filled with a homogenous mass of dark silty clay with occasional degraded timbers was noted. Although not conclusive, it is possible that this cut is part of a now filled section of a moat. No finds were recovered …

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Land adj Halfboys, Ixworth Road

A trial trenched evaluation was conducted at land adjacent to Halfboys, Ixworth Rd, Norton. A single ditch and two large pits were recorded across the northern end of this site. All three features were associated with pottery of 16th to 18th century date. As this is the possible date range for Halfboys house, these features are possibly associated with this building or with other similar settlement. No evidence was found of Roman use or occupation, given that the A1088 adjacent is likely to be a Roman road. The site appears to be slightly lower than the surrounding fields and the road so the area might have been lowered or truncated in the past …

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Hospital Annex Phase 1, RAF Lakenheath

Evaluation and monitoring in advance of the construction of a new hospital annex on a former car-park at RAF Lakenheath uncovered several ditches, some of which probably date to the Early Saxon period. Most of the ditches probably formed part of the extensive field system, seen in neighbouring excavations, which seems to date from the late Prehistoric period onwards. The southern edge of an apparently curving or circular ditch may relate to the nearby cemetery, but could equally be the outside edge of a right-angled ditch corner …

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World War 2 Tank Training Site, Fritton Lake

A survey of all the known extant remains was carried out a the World War 2 Tank Training Site, Fritton Lake. The main the aim of the survey was to produce a plan of the training establishment and to undertake a basic descriptive record of the remains. Fritton Lake and the surrounding land was used by the 79th Armoured Division as a training and experimental site from 1943 through to 1947. It was used to secretly develop techniques and to instruct tank crews in the operation of amphibious tanks, known as Duplex Drive or DD Tanks, primarily for use in the allied invasion of France during World War 2 …

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Holywells Cottage, Boon Close

Archaeological monitoring during two extensions to Holywell Cottage, Boon Close, Bury St Edmunds, a former Pesthouse, identified a flint platform probably laid down prior to construction in 1665, in order to raise the building above that of the surrounding water meadows …

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Moat House, Woodbridge Road

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the replacement of a rear extension to Moat House, Woodbridge Road, Debach, revealed a large area of fill in one trench. This lay on the line of a linear pond or moat and would suggest that it originally continued for at least a further 3m from its existing north-west terminus …

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Redwick House, High Street

A single evaluation trench was excavated at Redwick House, High Street, Bildeston. No cut features were observed within the trench but finds recovered from layers of subsoil suggest medieval and post-medieval activity on or near the site. This reflects the sites location fronting the road within the medieval settlement core …

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Worlington Quarry, 2013 Phase

A programme of monitoring was carried out in March and April 2013, at Worlington Quarry in Suffolk. This followed on from several other phases of monitoring at the quarry that had revealed a low level of isolated features consisting of pits, a hearth and a ditch, all thought to be prehistoric. The current stage revealed the presence of eleven pits, one possible posthole/pit, and a hearth. These produced no finds and environmental samples from the hearth and two pits contained limited plant macrofossil evidence …

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Adnams, Victoria St /Field Style Rd

This archaeological desk based assessment wasundertaken as a result of a proposal for mixed housing and commercial development on the Adnams site on Victoria Street, Southwold, and includes an examination of the Suffolk Sites and Monuments Record, a documentary search and a site walkover. …

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New Visitor Centre, Suffolk Punch Trust, Hollesley Bay

Archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at the Suffolk Punch Trust, Hollesley Bay Colony in advance of construction of a new visitor centre. The construction involved inserting a new access road and associated parking in addition to the visitor centre building. This report is concerned with the visitor centre building only …

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Harkstead Church

A programme of work at the church included provision of a new floor in the south aisle was monitored as it was likely that there would have been burials within the interior of the church. At the eastern end of the south aisle two ledger stones were revealed bedded directly on the earth with no evidence for underlying formal tombs …

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Top Hat Field, Sutton Hoo

In July 2016 Suffolk Archaeology Community Interest Company undertook a detailed fluxgate gradiometer survey immediately adjacent to the woodland on Top Hat Field, Sutton Hoo, Suffolk. Two small areas chosen to site a new viewing platform for the burial mounds in the adjacent field were to be prospected for anomalies of archaeological origin …

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30 Acre Field, RAF Mildenhall

An evaluation on 30 Acre Field, adjacent to an earlier excavation (MNL 479) which showed complex Iron Age and Roman stratigraphy, showed a continuation of the archaeology into the southern part of the evaluation. Two hollows containing dried peat were also identified. Finds recovered from the surface of the site dated between the Early Bronze Age and Roman periods …

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Ballingdon Bridge

Monitoring of the project to demolish and replace Ballingdon Bridge produced evidence of four previous bridges dating from between the 13th century to the early years of the 20th century. The remains of a stone, brick and two wooden bridges were found along with evidence of both collapses and phases of repair, this tied in closely with documentary accounts to provide a detailed history of the crossing. Evidence of post medieval buildings adjacent to the river and the augmentation of the Sudbury bank through revetments and dumping of household and industrial rubbish from the 15th century were also found …

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Grounds of the Uplands Hotel, Victoria Road

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at The Uplands Hotel, Victoria Road, Aldeburgh, in order to investigate the archaeological potential of the site. Pottery of late medieval and post-medieval date was recovered from the up cast spoil, along with a lump of ceramic building material which is characteristic of medieval daub …

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Land to the Rear of the Three Mariners, 193 High Road

In August 2016 a trial trench evaluation was undertaken on a piece of land at the rear of the Three Mariners Pub, 193 High Road, Trimley St Mary, Suffolk prior to the construction of six dwellings. A single trench was excavated within the footprint of the proposed development. The evaluation trench revealed a ditch and a pit or ditch, both dating to the post-medieval period …

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97 Risbygate Street

Monitoring was carried out during the excavation of footing trenches for an extension to the rear of 97 Risbygate Street. At least 18 pits were identified with a wide range of dates represented. The earliest pit group dates from the 13th-14th centuries, a single large posthole was the only contemporary structural evidence. There was no evidence from the finds recovered from the pits to indicate which activities may have taken place on the site beyond basic domestic consumption …

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Church Field

Three evaluation trenches were excavated on Church Field, Rede, in Suffolk. These revealed three ditches and two pits, which were all well preserved below differing levels of topsoil and subsoil. One of the ditches was probably medieval, producing 12th-14th century pottery, as well as animal bone and fired clay. Another of the ditches was a roadside feature that was backfilled with post-medieval material, whilst the third was undated …

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Woodlands, Dunwich Road

Evaluation on land at Woodlands, Dunwich Road, Westleton, was required to investigate the archaeological potential of the site. The site had been subject to considerable modern disturbance relating to a recently demolished bungalow. …

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Land at Warren Farm

An archaeological evaluation carried out at Warren Farm, Badwell Ash demonstrated that there has been domestic occupation on the site since at least the 16th century. A hollow from which pottery, animal bone and building material was recovered, was found just behind the frontage and this has been interpreted as a kitchen midden …

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16 High Street

In August 2016 a trial trench evaluation was undertaken on a piece of land at the rear of 16 High Street, Mildenhall, Suffolk, prior to the construction of new dwellings. Two trenches were excavated within the footprint of the proposed development. The evaluation trenches revealed four phases of activity indicating the site has been in use
throughout the medieval period from as early as the 12th century through to modern day. The medieval and early post medieval phases are characterised by a number of pits and postholes associated with the backyard activity of medieval properties. The later post-medieval activity is characterised by the remnants of small brick structures, including an oven …

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Consolidation of External Defences, Landguard Fort

Monitoring of an extensive program of consolidation work on the exterior defences extant at Landguard Fort, Suffolk, was undertaken during 2001 and early 2002. This work was subjected to archaeological monitoring to ensure that no significant evidence relating to the fort's history was irretrievably lost. This report details the specific areas of the fort consolidated, the work done and observations made during the monitoring …

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Former Friskies Pet care Site

This archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken prior to a proposal for the erection of a mixed-use development on the site of the Friskies Pet Care Centre and the two adjacent fields to the north and east, and includes an examination of the Suffolk Sites and Monuments Record, the aerial photographic archive, a documentary search and a site walkover. …

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Wenhaston Primary School

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the construction of an extension to the rear of Wenhaston Primary School identified a large linear feature which was possibly backfilled during the post-medieval period. Three red-brick soakaways associated with the Victorian school building were also noted …

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Robertson's Boatyard

This Desk-Based Assessment has set the location of a proposed boatyard hardstanding development within its immediate archaeological landscape through an examination of the Suffolk Historic Environment Record, the National Heritage List for England, and available cartographic and aerial photography sources …

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Former Thomas Wolsey Special School

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on the site of the former Thomas Wolsey Special School at 642 Old Norwich Road, Ipswich, in advance of a residential development. A total of thirteen trenches were excavated, all of which exposed a natural subsoil of yellow silty clay at depths of at least 0.5m below the present ground surface. A small pit, containing two sherds of Late Iron Age pottery, was identified in one trench. …

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New Car Parks at High Lodge

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at High Lodge, Santon Downham for the Forestry Commission during works to instate two new car parking areas to the north-west of the current car park complex. The work identified a ditch-and-bank earthwork that contained pottery dating to the later Roman period (late 3rd or 4th century) …

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Land at Hollow Road

From the 1st to the 8th August 2016 an archaeological trial trench evaluation was undertaken by Suffolk Archaeology CIC within the footprint of the proposed West Suffolk Operational Hub, a site proposed to manage household waste at Hollow Road Farm, Hollow Road, Fornham St Martin, Suffolk. A total area of 2400sqm (c.4% of the total c.6 hectares available for evaluation) was evaluated to assess the quantity, quality and extent of any surviving archaeological deposits. Trenches were targeted over geophysical anomalies of potential archaeological interest undertaken by Britannia Archaeology and
also to provide adequate spatial coverage of the proposed development area …

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Land Between Burkitt's Lane and Weaver's Lane

An archaeological evaluation on land between Weavers Lane and Burkitts Lane, Sudbury revealed a part of the large defensive ditch associated with the Late Saxon town of Sudbury. Subsequent monitoring of footings for the new buildings fronting Weavers Lane revealed the course of the ditch across the site and recovered a small amount of pottery from a primary fill. The pottery has been identified as either Iron Age or Early Saxon in date …

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Rosehill (retail park)

This archaeological Desk Based Assessment was undertaken to inform the planning process in advance of a proposed scheme to expand the retail area on a site adjacent to Felixstowe Road in the Rosehill area of Ipswich. The proposed development area is located on the east side of Ipswich on land that has historically been in agricultural use until the general urbanisation of the area in the early 20th century. There have been isolated finds of prehistoric and Roman material within a 500m radius but these do not suggest intensive activity and no Anglo-Saxon or medieval evidence was identified within the study area. Of some significance is the presence of a major Palaeolithic site, excavated in the area immediately to the north …

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The Barn, Spring Farm

A monitoring at Spring Farm, Hessett uncovered the flint foundations of a post medieval building within the moated enclosure. Evidence from the moat showed that it had been cleaned where the new access bridge was being built. A ditch alongside Manor Road, which had infilled naturally, was undated …

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List House

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at List House, Long Melford. Three sets of footings and other groundworks were monitored. The whole area had been heavily disturbed by post-medieval industrial activity and several of the eight pits recorded on the site date from this period. Of the remainder at least two are likely to have been medieval and one probably Roman …

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Ice Cream Kiosk and service trench, Framlingham Castle

An archaeological monitoring was carried out within the curtain wall of Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk. This revealed a stone foundation under the northern wall of the Poor House, which may relate to the Great Hall which originally stood there. Apart from this, post-medieval and modern disturbed deposits were uncovered, as well as one medieval pot sherd and some undatable mortar …

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Land to the Rear of the Old Post Office, Church Street

An evaluation to assess the archaeological potential of land to the rear of the Old Post Office, Church Street, Fressingfield, Suffolk was carried out to assess the impact of a proposed residential development on heritage assets …

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Vicarage Farm

Metal detecting on this site over a number of years has located an unusually rich assemblage of Anglo-Saxon coins and other metal-work. In order to better understand the assemblage and establish a context for it, archaeological fieldwork was commissioned by the BBC for the series 'Hidden Treasures'. This fieldwork comprised two elements. First, a geophysical survey was undertaken by GSB Prospection then secondly, twelve evaluation trenches were opened in locations chosen to both sample the whole study area and to investigate anomalies identified by the geophysics as having archaeological potential …

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39, High Street

An infilled brick built cellar and a bonded flint wall, the remains of a previous building, were recorded during ground works for an extension to the rear of 39, High Street, Sudbury. The brick size suggested that the cellar dated to late 15th/early16th century and was an addition to an earlier building that had fronted the High Street. The flint wall, part of the front range, included roof tile within its construction and whilst earlier than the cellar, was thought to be either late medieval or early post-medieval in date. The results of the monitoring show that although the shops occupying the site are modern they respect much earlier plot divisions …

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70 Chediston Street

Archaeological monitoring of footing trenches at 70 Chediston Street, Halesworth identified one undated pit underneath a flint and mortar wall stub/footing. The latter and another brick footing appeared to coincide with the location of buildings present on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Edition Ordnance Survey Maps …

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Land north of Church Lane

One hundred and sixteen archaeological evaluation trenches were excavated on land off Norwich Road, Barham and Claydon in order to inform any archaeological mitigation strategies associated with an application for outline planning permission for phased development of the erection of up to 300 homes. …

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Navigation Works on the River Stour, Staunch Site

Monitoring and recording of an unknown obstacle that was proving to be a hazard to craft navigating the River Stour was carried out when downstream sluices were opened, allowing the water levels in the vicinity of the obstacle to fall …

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Anchor Lane

An archaeological monitoring was carried out following the excavation of footings for two houses on Anchor Lane, Lakenheath. Within the trenches were four wells, clunch building foundations, a clunch-lined cellar and numerous pits of various shapes and sizes. The footings and cellar are likely to relate to buildings extant on the 1880 Ordnance Survey map …

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The Gables, Hall Street

An archaeological monitoring of footing trenches at The Gables, Hall Street, Long Melford located evidence of a mid 1st century to mid 3rd century phase of domestic Roman occupation consisting of two rubbish pits and associated soil layers, part of a wider pattern of Roman occupation previously identified at other sites in the vicinity. Two post-medieval wells, lying to the rear of the buildings fronting onto Hall Street, were also seen …

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The Cromwell Inn, 76 High Street

A Desk Based Assessment (DBA) was carried out to assess the potential of the proposed development site to contain heritage assets. The sites positiuon within the known archaeological landscape was assessed through an examination of the Historic Environment Record (HER), aerial photographs and a documentary search. The development area of approximately 912sqm lies in the centre of Lakenheath, forming part of the High Street road frontage and opposite the parish Church of St Mary. It lies towards the top of a natural slope rising from the edge of the fens to the west …

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Duke Street, Fore Street and Fore Hamlet junction improvements

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the reconstruction of the Duke Street, Fore Street and Fore Hamlet junction, Ipswich, was undertaken during 2010. An area of ground reduction was examined which revealed a number of wall stubs and a backfilled cellar associated with a range of demolished 19th century buildings …

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Land off Woodbridge Road

An archaeological evaluation by trial trenching was undertaken on land off Woodbridge Road, Butley in October 2016. A single large undated pit was noted in Trench 9, suspected to be related to WWII activity in the area although this remains unproven, and a small amount of medieval pottery was recovered from a natural feature/tree throw in Trench 1 …

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Eldohouse Farm

Excavations at Eldohouse Farm suggested that there has been an unbroken period of occupation on the site since the 12th century and that a succession of large dwellings have stood on the site of the Eldohouse farmhouse from the late 13th/early 14th century. Documentary material strongly implies that this was the site of one of the Granges belonging to the Abbey and whilst the archaeological evidence could not confirm this, there were indications that the site was a local agricultural centre, and the magnitude and quality of some of the building work demonstrated the high levels of craftsmanship worthy of church masons …

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Brandon Centre

Archaeological monitoring was carried out during intrusive ground works on the site at the new Brandon Centre, School Lane, Brandon. Some large pits were observed in the footings, though it was not possible to closely examine them due to frequent collapses of the footings which were up to 1.8m deep. Part-worked flints from the earlier stages of gun-flint manufacture were found in service runs to the south of the existing building …

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King Edward VII Memorial Hall

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land immediately adjoining the west side of the King Edward VII Memorial Hall, Newmarket, Suffolk. This revealed a well, which may have been medieval, or post-medieval, a post-medieval brick structure, and an undated chalk surface. No finds were recovered except for some possible post-medieval CBM from the well …

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Mildenhall Community Hub

From the 27th September to the 12th October 2016 Suffolk Archaeology Community Interest Company undertook a detailed fluxgate gradiometer survey at the Mildenhall Community hub site immediately adjacent to West Row Road in Mildenhall, Suffolk. Four fields suitable for survey, comprising two arable fields and two school playing fields, were prospected for anomalies of archaeological origin …

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Stanton Culvert

Monitoring of the installation of a new culvert to carry a small stream below the B1111 at Stanton revealed a shallow chalk embankment and possible surface of an earlier road. The road and embankment were thought to be contemporary with the earliest phase of the existing culvert examination of which suggests had its origins in the early-mid 18th century …

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The Globe, Old Market Street

This archaeological Desk Based Assessment was undertaken to inform the planning process in advance of a proposed residential development on land located to the north of Lowestoft town centre, close to what was the earlier focus of the town prior to the development of the harbour and the railway in the 19th century …

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Land adj 1 Aspal lane

An archaeological evaluation in advance of housing development on land to the rear of 1 Aspal Lane, Beck Row, Mildenhall identified a single prehistoric hearth pit, a post-medieval boundary ditch and preserved elements of the natural landscape, consisting of two silted up hollows containing small amounts of medieval and post-medieval material likely to have originated from the nearby Aspal Hall …

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Forest Survey May 2009

A rapid archaeological earthwork survey of eight forestry compartments was carried out during April- May 2009 in north-west Suffolk and south-west Norfolk to assess whether any earthworks or other visible archaeological features required protection from planned programmes of destumping, felling or other Forestry Commission activities. …

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Kent Lodge

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the construction of two houses and a garage block on land to the rear of Kent Lodge, Eye Road, Yaxley, was undertaken during spring and summer of 2010. A series of foundation trenches were examined and a large, north-south aligned, undated ditch measuring c. 2m wide and 1.5m deep, was revealed …

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Land North of Church Lane

In August and September 2016 Suffolk Archaeology Community Interest Company undertook a detailed fluxgate gradiometer survey on land off Norwich Road, Barham, Suffolk. One open field comprising 17.73 hectares of arable land was
prospected for anomalies of archaeological derivation …

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30 Acre Field Pipeline, RAF Mildenhall

An archaeological monitoring carried out during the excavation of a pipeline trench in 30 Acre Field indentified seven ditches and three pits, with one pit being prehistoric in date. The evidence gathered shows that the prehistoric occupation continues at the northern limits of 30 Acre Field but are dispersed and in some places badly truncated by later land use. …

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Windsor Circle and Halifax Street, RAF Lakenheath

This assessment contains the results of an archaeological excavations carried out at Windsor Circle and Halifax Street, RAF Lakenheath, Eriswell. The report quantifies each site archive and assesses their potential and significance, as applied to specific research questions drawn from both regional and local research agendas. …

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New Housing, RAF Feltwell

An archaeological evaluation carried out on two sites at RAF Feltwell identified scattered pits across both sites, which, where dated, were largely prehistoric, as well as a possible Roman ditch, a post-medieval ditch and further undated ditches. Two finds of earlier Iron Age pottery were made on site 52796 (Cardington Road), but neither came from clear cut features or could be associated with any other specific occupation evidence. A shallow irregular pit on site 52795 (Blackdyke Close) contained sherds of earlier Neolithic Mildenhall Ware, a relatively rare local pottery dating to c.3400BC. Two circular pits, containing one sherd of Iron Age pottery were also identified on site 52795 lying in an area where overburden cover was only 0.4m. …

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Kings Marsh and Stony Ditch Tidal Repair Works

In conjunction with the undertaking of works to repair flood defences on Orford Ness,Orford, Suffolk, archaeological monitoring of the excavation of borrow pits and replacement of several sections of the tidal walls was carried out. …

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The Old Garage

A clay layer thought to be the vestiges of either a floor level or demolition layer was discovered in association with a small pit or posthole during evaluation trenching in advance of development. The extent of the clay layer matched closely the footprint of a building shown on the first edition OS map of 1880 but which had been demolished by the drawing of the second edition in 1900. An 80cm depth of re-deposited sand was recorded at the rear of the development area. It had been deposited sometime after the start of the 19th century and was clearly the spoil from a large excavation, the result of either quarrying or landscaping although there was no indication of this having occurred within the sampled area …

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110-112 Handford Rd, former 3 Jolly Sailors PH

A trenched evaluation revealed the survival of archaeological deposits, finds and features of probable Roman date. Two square post-holes, which both contained pottery of 2nd to 3rd centuries AD date, might be related to a post-hole alignment representing a possible Roman palisade enclosure previously seen on the south side of Handford Road …

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Catfield Wind Farm

This archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken as a result of a proposal for the siting of a wind turbine on land to the north east of Catfield in the parish of Hickling. The DBA includes an examination of the Norfolk Historic Environment Record (HER), the Norfolk NMP data (aerial photographic information), a historic map and documentary search and a site walkover. …

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Three Blackbirds, 36 Ditton Green

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land to the rear of the Three Blackbirds public house, Ditton Green, Woodditton, Cambridgeshire on 31st October 2016 as a condition on a planning application relating to the construction of a new guest annex along with the extension of the existing car park. The two trenches excavated, measuring 25m in total, identified a subsoil layer approximately 0.3m thick across the site which contained sherds of both medieval and post-medieval pottery. Three features were excavated, one of which contained early medieval pottery sherds. However, these
were considered to be of natural derivation rather than the result of human intervention …

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Icklingham Churchyard Wall

Archaeological recording prior to and during repairs to Icklingham churchyard wall identified a rare surviving length of original wall which may be medieval. Sequences of build, repair and modification were also identified and the original wall capping was shown to be triangular in profile …

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59 College Street

Archaeological monitoring of works relating to the construction of an extension to 59 College Street, Bury St Edmunds identified a number of features dating to the late 12th to 14th centuries, probably related to the college complex that occupied the site from the 13th to 16th centuries. While these were mainly pits containing occupation debris, two hearths and a small piece of flint and mortar wall were also found. A later phase of post-medieval pits containing ceramic building material and some pottery were also encountered. These were likely to have been associated with the construction and occupation of a series of gable-ended buildings built in the 16th -17th century and later converted into a workhouse, part of which survives as 59 College Street …

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University Campus Suffolk, Phase 1 - Neptune Quay

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken during January 2007 to assess the nature of land reclamation and to investigate the potential for buried archaeology within an area adjacent the River Orwell on land situated on the corner of Coprolite Street and Fore Street, Ipswich, in advance of the proposed University Campus Suffolk development. …

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The Cromwell Inn, 76 High Street

An archaeological evaluation was carried out in advance of development at the site of the former Cromwell Inn, 76 High Street which lies in the centre of Lakenheath, opposite the parish church. A desk based assessment had demonstrated the
potential for multi-period deposits to exist, in particular relating to the medieval history and development of the town …

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Land behind 85 Guildhall Street

Evaluation on land behind 85 Guildhall Street, Bury St Edmunds exposed the edge of the town ditch, a property boundary that marked the former course of the town wall, some of the town bank which dated from the 12th century and a chalk surface which is likely to be medieval in date, that was later buried by material dispersed when the town bank was levelled …

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Land adjacent The Bull Inn

Monitoring of footing trench excavations at land adjacent to the Bull Inn produced evidence for a large ditch or pond running close to the present road frontage. Pottery evidence suggested that this had been gradually filled in from the medieval period onwards, and a relatively large quantity of late medieval pottery in both the upper levels of the ditch and a nearby layer may indicate mid to high status occupation on the site in the early post-medieval period …

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Manson House, Northgate Street

A programme of archaeological excavation and monitoring in advance of residential development on land to the rear of Manson House, Northgate Street, identified significant evidence of medieval occupation and domestic or semi-industrial/agricultural activity relating to food production or brewing during the 12th-14th centuries, despite being limited to a piecemeal investigation of just a small proportion of the overall plot, and affected by high levels of modern disturbance …

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Lackford Bridge Quarry

Rescue excavations at Lackford Bridge Quarry, West Stow, undertaken in the winter of 1978-9 by Suffolk Archaeological Unit in advance of sand and gravel quarrying, produced evidence of multiperiod settlement remains consisting of pits, post-holes, sunken-featured buildings, enclosure ditches and curvilinear gullies, dating to the early and late Neolithic, Iron Age and/or Roman and early Anglo- Saxon periods. The archive of records and finds was not completed after excavation due to lack of resources and only limited post-excavation assessment and analysis took place. …

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West Row Primary School, West Row

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land behind West Row Primary School and identified a single ditch of Roman (3rd to 4th century) date. Although only a very short length of the ditch was revealed, its orientation and the character of the fills therein, strongly suggest that it was the eastward continuation of a ditch identified during a previous excavation to the west (MNL 612). Two very small sherds of hand-made sand-tempered pottery recovered from the fill of the ditch suggest the possibility that Iron Age or Saxon remains may also be present in the vicinity. A second stage of works implemented after the results of the evaluation were known involved monitoring the footings of the proposed extension and identified an undated shallow pit in the south-east corner and a small additional length of the ditch …

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Pannington Hall

This post-excavation assessment report presents the evidence from an archaeological excavation at Pannington Hall, Wherstead (WHR 072). A small area excavation of c.0.73 hectares revealed a series of ditches and other features dating from the Middle Iron Age to the Early Roman period …

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Hill Farm, Brick Kiln Hill

This archaeological Desk Based Assessment was undertaken to inform the planning process in advance of the construction of a proposed anaerobic digester plant in an orchard adjacent to Hill Farm, Brick Kiln Hill, Boxford. …

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65, The Street, Beck Row

Evaluation on land at 65, The Street, Beck Row, was required to investigate the archaeological potential of the site. Colluvial deposits of up to 1.1m were present over much of the site, and sealed archaeological deposits in four of the ten excavated trenches. Two ditches and seven small pits were identified, all of which contained finds of a late medieval or post medieval date. One sherd from a 13th-14th century coarseware bowl was recovered from the base of Trench 7 as an unstratified find …

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The Old Post Office

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at The Old Post Office, Barnham during May 2009. The work was carried out in advance of the construction of a single dwelling within the development area. A sequence of archaeological features and layers were encountered within the trench indicative of late medieval to early post-medieval domestic settlement on the terraced hillside …

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157 Bures Road

An archaeological monitoring and an evaluation were carried out at 157 Bures Road, Great Cornard, Suffolk. The monitoring revealed evidence of a large feature. This may have been a quarrying pit, although it was undated. Alternatively it could also have been a naturally formed feature. The evaluation produced no features. Neither stage of fieldwork uncovered any archaeological finds …

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25 Out Risbygate Street

The graves of at least twelve individuals were found during and archaeological monitoring of trenches excavated for an extension to the rear of 25 Out Risbygate. These were thought to be related to the nearby medieval hospital of St. Peter, now a Nursing Home, and probably indicate that a substantial cemetery existed in the eastern half of the hospital precinct. Possible evidence for a medieval building, perhaps the cemetery chapel, was also identified …

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Mulberry House, Church Hill

Archaeological monitoring was carried out at Mulberry House, Church Hill, Pakenham during construction of a detached garage in front of the existing dwelling. This entailed lowering the ground levels at the western end of the plot by up to one metre, along with more minor ground reduction to the east. …

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Church Farm

An archaeological evaluation was carried out in advance of development on land at Church Farm, Hepworth, which lies near the centre of the village and the medieval parish church. The development, an area of c.220sqm was evaluated by a single trench. …

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Land off Lady Lane

An archaeological excavation was carried out on land between Lady Lane and Tower Mill Lane, following a previous phase of fieldwalking and evaluation trenching which had identified an area of interest in the south-eastern corner of the development area. …

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Garden House

Monitoring of building work behind the Garden House on Garden House Lane in Rickinghall revealed a thick colluvial deposit containing pottery from the Roman to post-medieval periods …

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Cherry Tree Inn Monitoring (Phase 2)

Phase 2 of archaeological monitoring of ground disturbance in advance of the construction of new housing at Cherry Tree Inn, Debenham revealed the presence of an additional 4 un-urned cremations and one urned cremation of Middle Bronze Age date. These remains can be added to those found in the previous phase of monitoring works (five urned cremations containing the remains of seven individuals and seven unurned cremations containing remains from fifteen individuals) and reported on in 2012 as well as the initial evaluation by trial trenching (one urned and one unurned cremation, both of single individuals) undertaken in 2010 …

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2 Benton Street

The construction of a garage to the rear of 2 Benton Street, Hadleigh required a programme of archaeological monitoring to be undertaken. The site lies within Hadleigh town, a settlement of medieval origin. The new garage required a topsoil strip prior to excavation of footings, both of which were inspected after excavation. A probable 18th/19th century oven was revealed during the topsoil strip but with the exception of this, no archaeological finds or features were revealed during the monitoring …

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Witton Wind Farm

This archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken as a result of a proposal for the siting a wind turbine on land to the north of Brundle in the parish of Postwick. It includes an examination of the Norfolk Historic Environment Record (HER), the Norfolk NMP data (aerial photographic information), a historic map and documentary search and a site walkover. …

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Brewer's Garage, Honey Hill

An archaeological excavation carried out on the rear of plots on the corner of Honey Hill/Sparhawk Street, Bury St Edmunds identified evidence for continuous activity from the Late Saxon period to the 19th century. Post-holes and ephemeral features were found closer to the street, suggesting that it was built up from at least the Late Saxon period, and quantities of daub and roof tile were found across the site which may have come from Saxon and medieval buildings on its frontages. …

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Co-op

Monitoring of footing trenches for the new Co-op in Rickinghall identified one possible medieval pit, a post-medieval assemblage of animal bone waste, and three undated but probably post-medieval or modern features …

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Water Treatment Works

This archaeological Desk Based Assessment was undertaken to inform the planning process in advance of the construction of additional works buildings and storage tanks at Barsham Water Treatment Works, Barsham. The results indicate that the site is topographically favourable for archaeological sites dating from the prehistoric period and that limited evidence for prehistoric activity, including a possible barrow cemetery, is present in the study area. There is also potential for medieval remains, associated with a possible settlement focussed on the nearby crossing of Bungay Road over a stream. This crossing point possibly formed part of a Second World War stop line and evidence for associated defences may also be present …

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The Old Vicarage, Church Street

Conditional planning consent for the construction of a garage at the Old Vicarage, Church Street, Sudbury required archaeological monitoring of the associated groundworks. Pits and layers of overburden were identified to a depth of 1.7m from the ground surface, however, as the trenches had to be shored to prevent collapse, very little of the trench sections were fully visible. Medieval pottery sherds and a fragment of human bone were recovered from the upcast spoil …

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New Road Layout, RAF Lakenheath

An archaeological excavation was carried out between April 2007 and August 2008 in advance of the realignment of the junction of Norwich and Plymouth Roads and Exeter Crescent at RAF Lakenheath, which lies close to an area from where 267 Anglo-Saxon burials were found in 1997. Three Anglo-Saxon burials were identified during the final stages of the work linking the existing Norwich Road into the new road, two of which were new discoveries and one of which was the second half of a burial found during pipe laying works in 2002. An Iron Age pit was also found in this area. The rest of the works revealed a series of undated E-W and NE-SW aligned ditches, which probably form part of the wider Roman and Saxon field systems identified on previous sites. Examination of the soil profiles also identified the limits of a N-S aligned linear hollow in this area …

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Windsor Circle, RAF Lakenheath

Additional trenching at Windsor Circle (see SCCAS Report No. 2011/001) infilled gaps in the original trench plan and further defined the extent of two areas of archaeological interest, identifying ditches and pits of Mid Anglo-Saxon or Late Iron Age/Roman date …

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23 Trinity Street

Two visits were made to 23 Trinity Street, Bungay, on the 14th and 15th of November to monitor the groundworks associated with the construction of a new house within the garden of the property. Topsoil and any other overburden were removed from thefootprint of the proposed new building, an area measuring c.220m2, to expose the natural stratum below. Tree disturbance was evident over the stripped area and a single cut feature was identified, possibly representing terracing or landscaping of the garden. A small assemblage of both stratified and unstratified medieval pottery was recovered …

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Vehicle Wash Racks, RAF Lakenheath

Monitoring found evidence of archaeological activity over the eastern half of the site with either cut features or ancient soil horizons being recorded in all of the monitored holes in this area. The features consisted of both large and small ditches, and pits. The absence of finds means that the features were undated, but it is likely that they are a continuation of the Roman settlement focused around Caudle Head Mere …

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Culford School, Tennis Air Hall

The site of a proposed tennis hall situated within the walled gardens of Culford School, formerly Culford Hall, was evaluated by trial trenching. The site lies within 50m of the original medieval settlement of Culford and c.80m east of the site of the medieval church and it was thought that the site may also contain evidence of prehistoric settlement, which is known to exist along the Lark river valley. …

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Land to the Rear of The Homestead

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land at the rear of The Homestead, Rickinghall, during the groundworks for a new house. The site lies close to an area from where a Roman inhumation burial, RKS 011 was recorded. Archaeological evaluation and monitoring in 2003-4 on the former garden of The Homestead prior to the redevelopment of the whole site identified post-medieval pits and undated pits identified as possible former mineral extraction features. …

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UK Power Networks cable, S of Grammar School, Bridge St

The excavation of a cable trench along a footpath to the south of Thetford Grammar School was monitoring for archaeological features, deposits and finds. A previous service trench, dug in the 1970s, had revealed disarticulated human and animal bone. …

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2-141 Eden Road and 85-87 High Street

Two evaluation trenches were excavated to the rear of 85-87 High Street and on vacant land near the end of Eden Road. The trenches revealed highly disturbed domestic/garden soils with large modern features cut though the natural deposits. No finds or features of archaeological relevance were observed …

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Land Adjacent to Longridge

The site of a proposed development of seven dwellings, lying in an area of archaeological importance within a historic settlement core and within c. 300m of a substantial Roman and Romano-British settlement to the west and south-west ,was evaluated by trial trenching. …

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Framlingham Castle visitor centre

Archaeological monitoring of groundwork associated with the erection of a bin store adjacent the visitor centre at Framlingham Castle was undertaken in May 2011. The hand excavation of a series of post holes was continuously monitored due to their location being close to an area of known human burials. The post holes reached a maximum depth of 0.5m but were entirely within the topsoil and did not affect any archaeological deposits or features …

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Fynn Valley Golf Club

Nine evaluation trenches were excavated at Fynn Valley Golf Club, Witnesham in advance of a new clubhouse and other building works on the site. Archaeological evidence was identified in only one of the trenches where a shallow, possibly truncated ditch containing late Iron Age pottery in its fill was present. A field boundary known to have been backfilled in the 20th century and shown on historic maps, was also observed in the same trench, along with two field drains. No other features were revealed, nor was any artefactual evidence recovered from the upcast spoil …

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Aldridge Lane

Evaluation in advance of new development at Aldridge Lane, Fornham All Saints revealed the presence of a probable early medieval boundary ditch, demonstrating a change in alignment of the south end of Aldridge Lane. It was hoped to find prehistoric features relating to the Fornham Cursus complex but none was identified …

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Hall Farm

Permission for the improvement of drainage ditches at Hall Farm, Wenhaston required a programme of archaeological monitoring during damming and re-profiling works. No features of archaeological significance were observed either in the ditch sections exposed by machining however one late medieval pot rim was recovered from the upcast spoil in the south east corner of the site …

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Land to the north of Bury St Edmunds

Through an examination of the Suffolk HER, an aerial photographic survey and a documentary search, the DBA established that development of the site could affect the settings of a Grade I Listed Building and has a very high potential for encountering Roman and medieval material in the eastern part. There was also thought to be moderate to high potential for encountering Bronze Age material throughout and for Anglo-Saxon material in the eastern part of the site …

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40 College Street

Monitoring was carried out during the excavation of footing trenches for an extension at 40 College Street. At least thirteen pits were identified. Dating evidence was sparse, but the majority appear to have been medieval, beginning in the 13th century. A chalk surface may be evidence for a medieval building behind the College Street frontage. This was covered by a soil layer which may indicate a hiatus in activity during the late middle ages, but the evidence was not conclusive and a tile and mortar-lined well from this period was backfilled with domestic rubbish during the 16th-17th centuries …

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Cedar Cycles (former), Tower Mills, Southwold Road

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on a parcel of land named Tower Mills, Southwold Road, Wrentham, in advance of a residential development. A total of three trenches were excavated which revealed two undated, but probably post-medieval, ditches and part of the foundation of a 19th century tower mill (a type of windmill) …

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Adjacent The Old Forge, St James Street

Archaeological monitoring during construction of a new house identified fragments of red earthenware pottery dating from the 16th-18th century. Earlier pottery fragments were also found and include Medieval coarseware and Rhenish Siegburg stoneware. However all were from unstratified contexts and no archaeological features were located as a result of the monitoring visits …

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Worlington Quarry, 2011 Phase

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during the 2011 phase of topsoil stripping prior to quarrying at Worlington Quarry, Worlington, Suffolk. These works revealed evidence of two pits and one hearth, believed to be of later prehistoric date, which between them contained two struck flints, several heated flints and charcoal. Four large modern pits were also recorded and partially excavated and are believed to relate to farming or quarrying activities …

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Land at Norton Road

In November and December 2016 Suffolk Archaeology Community Interest Company undertook a detailed fluxgate gradiometer survey on land at Norton Road, Thurston, Suffolk. An arable field comprising c.15 hectares of arable land was prospected for anomalies of archaeological derivation …

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The Kings Head

Archaeological monitoring of new footings at the Kings Head, Moulton, revealed two distinct chalk floor/surface layers beneath the present car park area. The date or purpose for these surfaces are unclear as no dateable finds were recovered from the footing trench, but they are likely to either be deliberate land-raising to avoid intermittent flooding from the River Kennett, or as part of an animal shelter (chalk floors were used since they did not damage the animals hooves) …

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51 Brunel Way

An archaeological evaluation was carried out in advance of development at 51 Brunel, Way, Thetford. Trial trenching showed the site to have been severely truncated. Disturbed topsoil produced two silver coins, a penny and halfpenny; the first of John or Henry III, the second a cut halfpenny of Henry III …

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Lound Water Treatment Works

Excavation identified two pits, both of which had been subject to heat, either the result of burning in situ or the disposal of
hot material. Both pits were characteristic of charcoal and burnt flint-filled features which are often known to have a prehistoric date. However, despite known Neolithic activity in the vicinity, a radiocarbon date of 370AD +/-50 was returned on a charcoal sample, placing one pit in the later Roman or Early Saxon period …

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Accessible Community Play Area

Evaluation at the community play area, Lakenheath identified an archaeological deposit containing a small assemblage of pottery and heat altered flint. The pottery has been spot dated as Iron Age or possibly Saxon in date …

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Former NCP site, St. George's Street

A trial trench evaluation of the site provided evidence regarding the natural topography of the site and surviving archaeological deposits of late anglo-saxon and medieval date …

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Little Thurlow Primary School

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at Little Thurlow Primary School, Little Thurlow on the 23rd July 2009, in advance of the construction of a Pre-School. A single linear trench measuring 18m in length was excavated within the footprint of the proposed structure. …

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Pakefield High School

This post-excavation assessment report presents the preliminary results of an archaeological excavation that was carried out on land at Pakefield Middle School, off Kilbourn Road, Lowestoft in advance of the construction of a new High School building on the southern playing area. …

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16 High Street

A program of archaeological monitoring of construction groundworks, for two new blocks of flats on land to the rear of 16 High Street, Mildenhall, Suffolk, was carried out following an archaeological trial trench evaluation which had identified archaeological deposits relating to four phases of past activity from the medieval, post-medieval and
modern periods …

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Survey of the intertidal foreshore below Sutton Hoo

Following the discovery of man-made wooden structures and pottery on a stretch of foreshore below Sutton Hoo, a programme of archaeological work was undertaken to better understand the archaeology and dynamics of the area. This comprised environmental work, survey of the eroding river bank, systematic fieldwalking and monitoring of both the foreshore and condition of the known wooden structures …

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Little Thurlow Hall, Pound Green

Monitoring for a site strip for a swimming pool, foundation trenches for a pool house and garden steps at Little Thurlow Hall, Pound Green, Little Thurlow, were monitored in an attempt to identify features within the 18th century canal garden, or any that pre-dated it. …

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Makro Site, Ransomes Europark

Monitoring of soil-stripping over the site revealed a series of ditches and pits. While no finds were recovered to help date these features, the evidence suggested that they were of post-medieval date. The majority of the ditches did not conform to any of the known early map boundaries but were on similar alignments. In addition, the fills were not uniform and did not exhibit the kind of leached out character that could be expected if they were of any great antiquity. The pits could be divided into two distinct types: the first were relatively irregular in shape with brown sandy fills and were interpreted as tree-holes, the second perfectly circular with a lower fill of charcoal with evidence for in situ burning. Features such as these have been identified on other sites on and in the vicinity of the former Ipswich Airport and have been interpreted as fog-lifters or decoy lights to confuse enemy bombers during the Second World War …

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Saxon House, Church Lane

An archaeological excavation was carried out on the footprint of a proposed new structure to be built in the grounds of Saxon House, Church Lane, Shottisham. An area of 125m2 was opened revealing a single ditch type feature. No finds were recovered from the fill of this ditch although it is possibly part of a field system of probable Bronze Age date recorded in the vicinity. The site is also within an area of numerous ring ditches and a possible henge monument visible on aerial photographs but no further monuments were recorded within the site …

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Three Bridges, Norton Little Green

A programme of archaeological evaluation, consisting of three trial trenches, was carried out in order to try and determine the alignment of the boundary ditch associated with the medieval green, preserved remnants of the ditch being visible to the southwest of the site near to Manor Farm, and to assess and record any potential medieval dwelling, or settlement remains, which may have existed along the green frontage. …

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Gemeed

Archaeological monitoring was carried out in advance of an extension to Gemeed, Bury Road, Pakenham and the construction of kennels in a field behind the house. The site lies within a known area of Roman occupation, on the north-west edge of the Roman town, and at the north-west corner of an early Roman fort and later civilian settlement. …

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RAF Lakenheath, Refueller Parking

Archaeological monitoring in advance of an upgrade to the Refueler parking at RAF Lakenheath identified portions of largely east-west aligned ditches. …

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47-55 College Road

An archaeological evaluation on College Road, within the site of a medieval Hermitage, revealed that the site had been subject to considerable post-medieval disturbance. However, an assemblage of 16th century finds from the subsoil suggests activity on the site at this time, possibly coinciding with the end of the active life of the Hermitage …

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RAF Lakenheath Munitions Area 5

Archaeological monitoring was carried out during excavation of new service trenches along the northern edge of Munitions Area 5, RAF Lakenheath, during May-July 2013 in order to record any surviving archaeological deposits and to examine the extent of airfield disturbance in this area. Due to the shallow nature of the services only limited information could be recovered, although dried peat deposits were identified in several areas and it seems likely that previous landscaping and preparatory ground works for the airfield munitions store have significantly affected the higher soil levels across much of the area examined …

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Kennet Park

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at Kennett Park, Moulton in advance of redevelopment for housing. Twenty-two linear trenches were excavated across the area; a ditch and posthole were recorded, the ditch was either prehistoric or post-medieval in date, the posthole was undated, but might have been post-medieval. Modern construction debris was encountered in a number of trenches that probably related both to the construction of houses to the east of the development area and to development within the former Friskies Pet Care site with which the land had been associated. A small number of worked flints were recovered from the subsoil and topsoil that indicate a low level of background prehistoric activity within the vicinity of the development area …

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Wood Farm

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during the excavation of footings during the construction of an outbuilding at Wood Farm, Gipping. A small pit containing burnt stone, pottery and a fragment of a kiln bar, located within a trench, is thought to be evidence of a kiln on or close to the site dating from the 12th to 14th centuries …

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8-12 Castle Street

Monitoring of extensions to 8-12 Castle Street identified a single large ditch feature that must pre-date the standing buildings on the Castle Street frontage, although the ceramic finds dating suggests that the ditch may have been filled shortly before their construction …

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RAF Lakenheath Sewage Works

Excavations were carried out prior to the construction of new sewage filtration tanks on RAF Lakenheath in the parish of Eriswell. The site lies on the edge of Caudle Head, where spring water surfaces from a buried watercourse which drains westward into the Fens. The excavation revealed a metre and half of accumulated deposits with peat at the bottom and top of occupation soils dating from the Late Bronze Age to post Roman period. A complex stratified sequence included the probable ritual deposit of a horses head, and a 1st century Roman cremation burial. At least seven phases of Roman activity consist of probable enclosures, or droveway ditches and fence lines interspersed with dumps of occupation soil …

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Land off Station Road East, Station Road East

This archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken as a result of a proposal for the demolition of the present buildings and the erection of an apartment complex on the land to the west of Station Road East in Stowmarket, and includes an examination of the Suffolk Sites and Monuments Record, a geotechnical report provided by the client, a site walkover and a documentary search. …

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Belmont House

Archaeological monitoring was carried out in the grounds of Belmont House, Hall Street, Long Melford. Only limited excavations penetrated below the very deep topsoil. Two pits were exposed and an industrial hearth or (?) kiln on the border of the property to the north all dating from the 19th century. No earlier archaeological features were exposed …

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A12 Flood Alleviation Scheme

The results of this DBA suggest there is a moderate to high potential for encountering Anglo-Saxon, medieval and post-medieval archaeological remains due to the location of the site, which lies along the line of a causeway and bridge that has been in use from at least the Anglo-Saxon period …

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Folly Farm Fire Protection Lagoon

A programme of archaeological monitoring was carried out at the site of a new fire protection lagoon at Folly Farm, Tattingstone, Suffolk. A single area measuring 25m by 30m was monitored down to the level of the natural sand and gravels …

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Irrigation Reservoir

Archaeological evaluation within the area of a proposed irrigation reservoir on land north of Sotterley Park revealed probable pits and ditches, many of which yielded medieval pottery, indicating an area of extensive medieval occupation that could have included a high-status, early brick building …

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Brockley Hall

The excavation of the footings for a replacement garage at The Hall, Hawks Lane, Brockley were continuously monitored. The Hall dates to the turn of the 14th century and lies within a double-moated enclosure; it is a Grade I listed building and
a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The monitoring recorded a large ditch which ran adjacent to the hall and formerly sub-divided the moat platform. The ditch was infilled in the 16th century. This is broadly contemporary with the remodelling of the hall and the ditch may have been infilled to accommodate the addition of a crosswing. A pit which produced pottery with a date range of 13th-15th century was also found …

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West Row Primary School

Archaeological excavation and monitoring were carried out on the playground and sports field at West Row Primary School, Mildenhall, Suffolk. The work revealed well preserved and intensive use of the site throughout the Roman period, indicated by a large quarry pit and a poorly surviving soil layer, both of which contained large quantities of pottery and animal bone, as well as CBM, fired clay, quernstone, iron nails, marine shells, and other material. There were also several smaller late Roman pits/small linear features. Roman coins were found scattered over both areas of the fieldwork. The finds, as well as the environmental samples indicated that it is likely that many agricultural and food processing tasks were occurring nearby, possibly to supply the local villa, although it is thought that a domestic structure of some importance is also likely to have been located close to or on the site. …

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Reservoir Adjacent to Benacre Wood

A trial trench evaluation on the site of a proposed agricultural irrigation reservoir revealed evidence of medieval occupation along the frontage of Wood Lane at the northern limit of the site. This was followed by targeted excavation of a small area around the most archaeologically productive evaluation trenches …

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58 Eriswell

The excavation of footing trenches for a single storey extension to 58 Little Eriswell exposed a range of features including an Iron Age ditch, and a ditch, three shallow pits and two postholes that are all thought to be Early Roman. Three further ditches, dated to the post-medieval period probably relate to the drainage of the fens for agriculture …

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Blundeston Prison

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land within the curtilage of the former HMP Blundeston, Hall Road, Blundeston, Suffolk, in advance of the first phase of a housing development. Two trenches, totalling 65m, were mechanically excavated. A third trench was abandoned due to access issues. …

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Martlesham Park and Ride

An excavation on the proposed site of a Park and Ride facility identified evidence of early human activity. The earliest phase dated to the Bronze Age period (c. 2200BC to 600BC) and comprised an area of small shallow pits containing Early Bronze Age 'Beaker' pottery and a small number of flint tools and flakes. A deposit of cremated human bone was recovered from a small pit and although no artefacts were recovered it is believed to be Bronze Age in date. These features are likely to represent domestic occupation and indicate that a settlement existed in the vicinity although no evidence for any
structures of a Bronze Age date was identified …

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39 Crown Street

Monitoring during a small development at 39, Crown Street, Bury St Edmunds, within the early medieval planned town, identified four pits, two dated as 19th century or later and two undated. Also found was a possible post-medieval flint footing indicating that a wall belonging to a small brick out-building probably extended beyond its current line. The earliest feature found was indicated by a clean silt-filled sloped edge which seemed to cut natural but underlay all other features, its clean fill suggesting that it may predate the early medieval urban occupation of the town. Its function is not known. Finds from the site were all post-medieval …

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Mill Cottage

An archaeological monitoring of garage footing trenches at Mill Cottage, Hengrave identified a large, undated ditch. This may relate to Anglo-Saxon settlement activity, identified as cropmarks on aerial photographs, on the adjacent fields to the north-west (Scheduled Monument SF 170) or to the prehistoric Fornham Cursus and its associated features (Scheduled Monument SF 114), which terminates in the field 100m to the south …

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Land off The Street

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on off of The Street, Badwell Ash in advance of the creation of a wildlife pond in an area within the floodplain of a tributary of The Black Bourne. No archaeological deposits were identified, the trench instead demonstrating the presence of a sequence of natural environmental deposits which may have future potential for palaeoenvironmental studies …

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Worlington Quarry July 2013 strip

An area of some 0.48ha was stripped immediately adjacent and west of previous stripped and investigated parts of the quarry, bounded to the south by the B1085 and to the north by the quarry access road. No finds or deposits of archaeological relevance were observed within the stripped area and it appears that a scatter of suspected prehistoric pits/postholes and a hearth pit that were recorded in the northern corner of the previous phase of monitoring did not continue into this area …

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22 Nethergate Street

Archaeological monitoring during the excavations for a small extension at 22, Nethergate Street, Clare, identified two pits and a small assemblage of 11th-13th century pottery recovered by the builders during their work, which although not necessarily all from the pit fills, was recovered from the general area of the pits. Nethergate Street is one of the Medieval routes into Clare and the results of this monitoring indicate occupation on this site that pre-dates any of the existing buildings along this Street …

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4 Back Street

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during groundworks for a new extension to 4 Back Street, Lakenheath. A single broad ditch was identified, lying parallel and immediately adjacent to the boundary graveyard wall of the parish church. The feature was undated but is thought to likely to mark the original churchyard boundary, either pre-dating, or contemporary with, the adjacent wall …

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Land opposite The Bungalow, Padnal

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land opposite The Bungalow, Padnal, Littleport as a condition on a planning application relating to a proposed housing development. Five 20m long trenches were excavated, identifying a number of linear features and a single pit, none of which produced any secure dating evidence, although a fragment of probable Roman building material provided a terminus post quem for the upper fill of a large east-west orientated ditch identified in two of the trenches. The features observed are likely to be associated with a series of linears identified during an evaluation immediately east of the site in 2002 …

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Church Glebe Meadow, Church Street

Archaeological evaluation ahead of construction of a new village hall identified limited evidence for prehistoric, Roman and medieval activity at the site, but earlier finds were all residual …

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New School Hall, Rougham CEVCP School

An archaeological evaluation was carried out at the site of the proposed new school hall on the eastern end of the existing Rougham CEVCP School. Three late post-medieval/early modern features were noted cut into the natural geological layer at the base of the trench, with a wall footing higher in the section of the trench believed to belong to a wall visible on the 1880 Ordnance Survey map of the area …

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King George V Field

This archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken as a result of proposal for a housing development on the King George V playing fields and the adjacent disused factory site, and includes an examination of the Suffolk Sites and Monuments Record, a documentary search, an aerial photographic examination, a geophysical survey and a site walkover. …

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Ickworth House, Rotunda Basement

An archaeological monitoring was carried out in the basement of the Rotunda at Ickworth House, Ickworth, Suffolk. This revealed a brick culvert that had been filled with English bond brickwork and foundations relating to the existing walls …

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7 The Highlands

A small archaeological excavation at 7, The Highlands, Exning, Suffolk identified a 20m length of a single, 4m wide, ditch of Early Iron Age date, with evidence of later quarrying to the north and south …

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County Hall

This desk-based assessment of the County Hall complex (a Grade II listed building), which lay to both the west and east of Grimwade Street, showed that the site had a long history of public ownership and its development can be documented closely through various plans and drawings since the site was first developed as the county gaol in 1786. Plots showing the changes and additions made to buildings on the site show that a considerable proportion of the site has, at one time or another been built over, often by quite substantial buildings. …

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Consolidated Comms Building RAFL renumbered from 2006/44

Excavation and monitoring work in advance of the construction of a new Consolidated Communications Building at RAF Lakenheath has identified a low density of occupation dating from the Mesolithic and up to probably the post-medieval period. However most of the activity is ephemeral and difficult to interpret. …

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2 Chapel Lane

An archaeological monitoring was carried out at Number 2 Chapel Lane, Tuddenham on the 18th August 2009 during the mechanical excavation of foundation trenches for a new house on the plot. Five features were encountered; three narrow linear ditches and two intercutting flat-based pits/sunken featured Anglo-Saxon buildings …

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Cable Ducts, Shire Hall

A continuous monitoring was carried out during the excavation of cable trenches in the car park of Shire Hall, Bury St Edmunds. The continuation of the southern precinct wall of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds and two probable 19th century garden walls were found. All of these walls had what is believed to be worked garden soil built up around them …

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Land North of Lodge Road

In July 2017 a detailed fluxgate gradiometer survey on land north of Lodge Road, Walberswick, Suffolk was undertaken. An area totalling 4.8ha was positioned on the footprint of a proposed agricultural reservoir in a single cropped stubble field and prospected for anomalies of an archaeological derivation …

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Carlton Park phase 2B

An evaluation at Carlton Colville in advance of housing development indicated three areas of potential archaeological interest …

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Phase 2, Office Farm, Mutton Lane

An area of 0.3 hectares was evaluated by trial trenching as a condition of planning permission to develop the site. Four trenches were excavated, one of which produced a large pond type feature containing a small quantity of 18th-19th century finds. The study area had been heavily disturbed by modern agricultural buildings …

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Great Green Farmhouse, Great Green

An evaluation on the edge of the medieval green at Great Green Farmhouse, Great Green, Cockfield was completed in advance of the construction of two dwellings. A pond that had been part infilled, in antiquity, with early post-medieval brick and tile rubble was sampled and produced a cylindrical, glazed red earthenware jar, dated 16th-18th century. Evidence suggested that the pond was man-made and the edge was consolidated with timber posts. The pond was part of a group of linear ponds that formed an intermittent wet boundary around the green. Evidence of out-buildings which were shown on the 1880 OS map and a undated field boundary ditch were also found …

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Liberty Village phase V, RAF Lakenheath

Archaeological evaluation of the Phase V redevelopment at Liberty Village, RAF Lakenheath, an area of c.6.4ha, was carried out in September 2008 and January 2009. In the north-west corner of the site a ring ditch and off-centre burial, most likely of
Bronze Age date, were identified, lying some 50m to the east of a previously excavated example (ERL 148). The estimated c.40m diameter extent of the ditch means that it is a larger feature than the ERL 148 ring ditch while the off-centre grave implies the potential presence of secondary burials. As with its neighbouring monument no evidence of a central barrow mound was seen, having probably been removed by ploughing. The site though is still likely to be well preserved, as it lies within an open area between the modern road and housing blocks. …

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Methodist Chapel

An archaeological monitoring was carried out at the Methodist Chapel on the High Street, Tuddenham, on the 3rd-4th of May 2011, during the mechanical excavation of foundation trenches for a new house plot. …

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Glue Pot Farm, Edwards Lane

Archaeological work was carried out at Glue Pot Farm as a condition of planning permission to build two cattle sheds. A total area of 249 square metres was stripped to archaeological levels, covering the footprint of the two planned buildings. A single ditch was recorded, the fill of which contained mixed finds of Roman, medieval and post-medieval date. Re-cutting of the ditch may explain the mixed finds assemblage recovered from its fill …

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Polstead Churchyard extension

An evaluation was carried out in the area of a proposed extension to Polstead Churchyard. A group of small pits, Early Bronze Age pottery and flintwork suggested a degree of settlement activity on the site and its commanding position overlooking the valley of the River Box would be typical of a prehistoric settlement. A field boundary ditch, thought to be medieval in date was also found …

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Land at Hilton Farm, Badingham Road

A trial trench evaluation was carried out at Hilton Farm in advance of the construction of 15 houses. Five trenches (total area 319.5m2) were excavated, representing approximately 5% of the area of the proposed development …

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59 Chapel Street

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during the excavation of foundation trenches for an extension to the property …

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The Clock House, No.109 Northgate St

Monitoring for the construction of a garden room to the rear of the existing house identified a concentration of archaeological features that predated the construction of the current house and relate to the previous occupation of the site. The features included a well, possible malting oven, pits and postholes; the very limited sample means that it is difficult to draw detailed conclusions, but the features seem typical of domestic backyards within an urban context …

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Chalkstone Way

An archaeological excavation in advance of housing development on land off of Chalkstone Way, Haverhill identified evidence of three phases of limited activity in the prehistoric and postmedieval periods. Prehistoric features consisted of two isolated Bronze Age pits and a scatter of Early Iron Age pits and a single ditch. The post-medieval activity consisted of a series of linear parallel ditches, thought to relate to agricultural drainage …

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Narrow Way

An archaeological evaluation consisting of six trial trenches was carried out in advance of the proposed construction of 6 houses and following an assessment of aerial photographic evidence, a phase of fieldwalking and a metal detector survey. Six trial trenches were excavated within the proposed area for development. …

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Minsmere Nature Reserve

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at Minsmere Nature Reserve, Westleton in advance of new buildings. No archaeological features were observed in Trench 1 where landscaping and modern disturbance may have impacted on archaeological levels, but a single undated ditch was recorded in Trench 2 …

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Bungay Castle

In July and August 2017 detailed geophysical surveys were undertaken within the bailey of Bungay Castle, Bungay, Suffolk. Three techniques were requested by Historic England to be deployed over the 0.24hectare grass covered bailey, comprising fluxgate gradiometer, earth resistance meter and ground penetrating radar surveys …

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Extension to Building 1155, RAF Lakenheath

A small excavation was carried out in advance of the redevelopment of building 1155 at RAF Lakenheath. The site lies 300m northwest of Caudle Head mere, a natural spring previously identified as the focal point for an extensive Late Iron Age to late Roman settlement. Activity identified on this excavation dated to the Late Iron Age and early Roman period and was concentrated at the northern end of the site. The evidence from the work seems to suggest that this site represents a small, early area of activity either predating or contemporary with the earliest phases of the main settlement. There appears to be an absence of settlement between this site and the main area and limited excavation work in this gap may indicate that this was wet or marshy in the past. The features uncovered comprised ditches, gullies and pits and the whole site was overlain by gleyed and windblown sands …

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Land off Canning Road

An archaeological evaluation was undertaken on land off Canning Road, Lowestoft between the 9th and 13th September 2013. No finds or features of archaeological relevance were observed, and much of the site appears to have been heavily disturbed in the 20th century, with various phases of quarrying/refuse dumping and possibly use as a railway gravel stockyard being noted …

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Recreation Ground, Whitton Church Lane phase 2

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land at Recreation Ground, Whitton Church Lane, Whitton as a second phase of evaluation in advance of a proposed development for sports pitches. The trenches excavated in this phase encountered pits and linear ditches generally of Late Iron Age/Early Roman date, similar to those identified previously (SCCAS report 2009/045) and clarified the nature and extent of the features already identified. This report forms a short summary of the works, with a full report anticipated to be integrated within any report of the likely further works …

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Crown Inn

An archaeological monitoring was carried out during ground reduction for the construction of new accommodation blocks and some underground gas tanks …

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Pettistree Area Mains Replacement

Between October 1991 and March 1992, a series of water main replacement projects were monitored for archaeological sites and finds in an area north west of Woodbridge, Suffolk. The pipelines concerned were in the parishes of Burgh, Clopton, Hasketon and Tuddenham/Witnesham. …

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Strawberry Field

A watching brief was carried out during the laying of a water pipe to the north of what is suggested to be the centre of a Roman small town. The evidence from the monitoring of the trench has established with a high degree of accuracy the course of the Roman road towards the river crossing. Although the section is about 200m from the current course of the river it suggests the road or a ford crossed slightly to the west of the current bridge. The combination of stratigraphic and finds evidence is consistent with a substantial high status building set back about 30m from the road frontage; they also point towards a building with a hypocaust. The extent of the building after this is difficult to gauge although the clay to the east indicates at least one room in that direction. Although only a small area was seen it should perhaps be compared with a hypocaust building identified on the road frontage approximately 100m to the south …

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Risby Business Park

An evaluation at Risby Business Park was carried out in advance of the redevelopment of the site. A small quantity of unstratified Iron Age and medieval pottery was found but an extensive area within the centre of the site had been severely truncated by the previous development and any potential archaeological deposit was already lost …

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Land adj 19 New Street

An archaeological monitoring was carried out on land adjacent to 19 New Street, Sudbury. A thick deposit of topsoil of c.1m depth had been dumped behind retaining walls against the New Street and Croft Road frontages. This deposit contained abundant brick, tile, slate and coal fragments and is likely to be contemporary with the existing Victorian dwelling at 19 New Street. Below this dumped layer was a thinner spread of probable in situ topsoil but no archaeological features or significant deposits were recognised between this and the underlying sand and gravel natural deposits. Three sherds of medieval pottery were unstratified finds from the spoil and could either have been brought in with the dumped topsoil or might have originated from the site itself …

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Shadingfield to Stoven Trunk Main

Fieldwalking and monitoring of the Shadingfield to Stoven Trunk Main in 1992 recorded a considerable amount of archaeological information relatign to past settlement in the parishes concerned. A medieval pottery scatter found in Field 8 (SDG 021) almost certainly represents the site of a farm or cottage of thirteenth or fourteenth century date. Under idea circumstances this area should have been excavated, however given the difficult conditions encountered on a narrow pipeline the information recorded is an adequate record of the site. The medieval scatters in Fields 1 and 5 (SDG 016 and 018) probably indicate settlement of this date nearby. In these cases, monitoring pipeline work gave an adequate record of the archaeological deposits encountered. The same may be said of the burnt flint scatters in fields 1 and 6 (SDG 017 and 019). Although these sites are not dated and represent evidence for past activities about which we have little knowledge they are worth recording …

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Car park opposite B591

An archaeological evaluation and a continuous monitoring were carried out during the construction of a carpark on RAF Mildenhall, in the parish of Mildenhall. A network of Iron Age ditches were uncovered that appear to form a series of enclosures, that align northwest to southeast before turning northeast with entrances facing to the south. Some moderately large pits were uncovered, which may also have been Iron Age but this dating could not be confirmed. Significant finds included Iron Age pottery, a triangular loomweight and a fired clay slingshot, an unusual find although typical of the period …

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Hinderclay Road

An archaeological evaluation in advance of housing development on land at Hinderclay Road, Rickinghall Inferior, identified a single post-medieval ditch, thought to be a former field boundary …

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8 Wherry Lane / Isaac Lord complex

An archaeological monitoring was carried out inside this 18th-century, Grade 2 Listed Building following ground reduction for the insertion of a new floor …

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Wolmers Barn, East End Road

Monitoring of groundworks related to the conversion of a timber framed barn at East End Road, Stonham Aspal, was carried out as a condition of the planning consent in order to record any archaeological evidence revealed by the groundworks. Medieval pottery was recovered from part of the barns floor surface whilst strip foundations for an extention revealed made-up ground to a depth of 1m which may be the fill of a large pit or pond …

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Lackford Landfill Site Extension

Prior to the granting of planning consent for the extension to Lackford Landfill site, an archaeological survey was undertaken in the threatened area. The first part of the topsil was stripped using a grader and eight trial trenches were then opened, followed by a small excavation area and then a full graded strip to the subsoil. …

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Land Northwest of Bury St Edmunds Phase 2

The second phase of a two stage evaluation was carried out on land to the north-west of Bury St Edmunds adjacent to the southern side of the A1101. A total of 156 trenches were excavated across the central and southern portions of the site in order to ascertain the presence, extent and nature of any surviving archaeological horizons and to determine the extent of horizons already identified during Phase 1. …

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Foxhall Landfill Site, Proposed Waste Transfer Site

This short archaeological desk based assessment was undertaken as a result of plans for the proposed development of the site and includes an examination of the Suffolk Sites and Monuments Record, the photographic archive held by Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service and a site walkover. …

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Former D&P Meats Factory, Old Norwich Road

An archaeological evaluation and minor building recording was carried out on land at the former D&P Meats factory site, Old Norwich Road, Barham, Ipswich. Five trenches were excavated on two visits, on the 13th January and the 22nd May 2009. No archaeologically relevant finds or features were noted in any of the trenches. Assessment of the buildings on the southern side of the development revealed a single section of wall dating to the 19th century, although the rest of the building had already been rebuilt/replaced with more modern materials. The current development is unlikely to have a significant impact on the survival of this structural remnant …

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Firecrest Nursery Site

Evaluation work was undertaken in November 1992 on land currently part of Firecrest Nurseries, Hall Road, Little Bealings prior to proposed mineral extraction. Clear evidence of Early Bronze Age and Early Anglo-Saxon activity was noted, indicating settlement within these periods on the site …

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Rear 132 High Street

An evaluation carried out in advance of residential development on land to the rear of 132 High Street showed a high level of preservation of the natural subsoil beneath a deep garden topsoil. Two trenches located a series of nine ditches, predominantly aligned north-south, containing pottery dating to the 12-13th century. These ditches were roughly parallel to each other and were on a similar alignment to the High Street and the surrounding modern property boundaries, indicating that the current land division in the area is a continuation of the medieval layout …

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Hoxne Church north aisle test pits

As part of a preliminary evaluation, two test holes were excavated to identify the potential archaeological constraints to any proposed plans to ameliorate a damp problem in the exterior wall of the north aisle of the church …

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70 The Street, Beck Row

Archaeological monitoring during extension works at 70, The Street, Beck Row, Mildenhall identified two NW-SE aligned ditches, one of which may relate to an extensive Roman field system which lies to the NW of the site. The second ditch was stratigraphically later and may relate to a post-Roman field boundary. A single sherd of possible Roman pottery, an animal
bone fragment and a flint flake were recovered from the fill of the earlier ditch …

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Abbey Farm

The excavation of new ditches and ponds, and re-profiling of existing ditches as a part of an RSPB/Environment Agency habitat creation scheme was carried out on land at Abbey Farm, Snape. This required a programme of archaeological monitoring in order to record the deposit sequences revealed and any archaeological interventions present. No archaeological evidence was observed in the course of these groundworks, either in the form of incised features or pre-modern artefacts …

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Richmond House

The excavation of an evaluation trench and two test pits at Richmond House Clare uncovered at least seven cut features dating between the 12th to 19th centuries. Finds from the site included 25 sherds of medieval pottery dated from the 12th to 14th centuries although the majority of these were found in later contexts. The evaluation has provided evidence for the occupation of Nethergate Street from the medieval period …

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Bramford Hall

Archaeological monitoring for the building of an extension to the remaining wing of Bramford Hall, recorded the remains of the parts of the old hall which was demolished in the 1950s. The original hall was thought to be Georgian in date, although earlier buildings may have existed on the site. The remaining wing itself has a timber frame and may be an earlier structure with a Georgian red brick skin. …

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Lawsons Yard

An archaeological evaluation undertaken on land to the rear of Woodgate House, 10 Short Brackland, Bury St. Edmunds. The evaluation showed a series of archaeological features under a deep, approximately 1m, overburden. The finds suggest activity on the site from the 11th/12th century onwards with a medium to high status use in the 15th/16th century. Historic map evidence indicates the site became an orchard by the 18th century and remained open until the end of the 19th century. Prehistoric finds were also discovered suggesting early activity on the site …

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Small diameter bomb maintenance and storage, RAF Lakenheath

Archaeological monitoring during the construction of Small Diameter Bomb Maintenance and Storage Facilities on the airfield at RAF Lakenheath identified two undated possible ditches. There were no finds recovered. Further evidence for the variations in the character of the landscape from sand dunes and hollows on the west side of the airfield to flatter, low lying heathland on the east side of the airfield was also identified …

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Skeppers Mill

The remains of Skeppers Mill, Oulton Marsh, Oulton, were recorded through digital photography and the construction of a scale plan using data from a measured sketch …

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New FE Building, West Suffolk College

Two archaeological evaluation trenches were dug to the south and west of Burma House, West Suffolk College, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. The groundworks revealed possibly undisturbed buried topsoil and subsoil in one trench, although this was not dated. This trench also produced one unstratified medieval/late medieval buckle. The second trench was heavily disturbed as a result of the car park construction. No features were recorded …

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Land at Eldohouse Farm

Survey work carried out on land to the south of Eldohouse Farm indicated a low archaeological potential for the area, with map/documentary searches failing to reaveal any feaures of particular note and the surface collection survey recovered the type and density of archaeological material which indicates this area was part of the zone of peripheral, off-site, activities in the past. Such activities probably included hunting as indicated by the arrowhead and flint debris, grazing livestock and occasional cultivation. The few medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds possibly deriving from manuring work …

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No.7 Sparhawk Street

Monitoring of the groundworks for an extension at the rear of No.7 Sparhawk Street, Bury St. Edmunds revealed an area of extensive pitting, typical of a backyard within medieval urban Bury. The date range of the finds showed that activity on the site occurred from the 12th century with the latest pit being infilled during the late medieval period. Pottery included Bury coarseware, Bury shell-dusted ware and a body sherd of Grimston-type Thetford ware …

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Northern spine road

An area of c.6.9 hectares was evaluated by trial trenching along the route of a proposed road scheme. Seventy five trenches were excavated, revealing a low density of archaeological features. Where present, these mainly consisted of undated field boundaries but evidence of Roman activity was identified in the south of the site.
A roughly east - west aligned ditch in the north of the site shows on the 3rd edition Ordnance Survey map as a field boundary. The only other incised features present were what appeared to be large extraction pits, probably associated with the nearby brickworks, a possible pond feature and a small number of isolated pits …

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Treetops

An archaeological monitoring of footing trenches for an extension at Treetops, The Common, Mellis identified a large undated ditch, thought to be an infilled part of the medieval or postmedieval water management systems of moats, ponds and drains that are still seen within the settlement surrounding the medieval green …

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Land to the North of the Street

An archaeological evaluation was carried out on land to North of The Street, Erwarton in advance of a proposal for residential development and associated parking …

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Bare Ground Creation Plots, Cranwich Camp

Metal detecting, monitoring and GPS survey of two rotavated plots and one topsoil stripped plot were undertaken at Cranwich Camp, Norfolk, which was an inter-war unemployment camp and then a WWII military training camp. These works recovered fifty-eight small finds, including three medieval coins, three military buttons, one Great Western Railway button and an implement for cleaning military uniforms. The foundation of a concrete building slab was recorded, as well as traces of several other structures, including Nissen huts. A post-medieval pottery fragment and a later prehistoric flint were also found …

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Land at the rear of 90-97 Risbygate Street

An archaeological assessment excavation was undertaken in advance of the proposed development of land behind Risb